Stages of building a house frame do it yourself

In general, it is possible to lay one beam 100-150 cm, but its price is much higher than two boards, which together give the same thickness, and correctly fastened two boards have a greater bearing capacity, although it takes more time to lay them. So that they work as a single timber, they are knocked down with nails in increments of 20 cm in a checkerboard pattern.

We put the strapping and logs

Next to the rail board is attached strapping. Its size is also 150-50 mm, but it is placed on the edge. It is leveled at the outer edge of the foundation, and is nailed with long nails (9 cm) to the sunbath every 40 cm.

  Stages of building a house frame do it yourself

Installation of the harness: according to the instructions, the assembly of the frame house continues with the installation of the harness to which. will lag the floor

The next stage – installation and installation of the lag. These are the same boards 150 * 50 mm, put on the edge. They are attached with two oblique nails (9 cm) in the butt to the trimming board, two nails on the right and left to the bedside. So each lag on both sides.

Installation example floor lag

The photo shows that the first lag is set close to the second – this is how the load on the foundation is transmitted better. It is installed on the second edge of the bed. The installation step is 40-60 cm. It depends on the length of the span and the section of the sawmill used: the longer the length, the smaller the step.

Lay and fixed floor logs

If the lags are long and there is a crossbeam, as in the photo above, the lags do not “leave” over the crossbeam jumpers. They are equal in length to the installation step lag minus twice the thickness of the board: if the step is lag 55 cm, the thickness of the board is 5 cm, then the jumper will be 45 cm long.

Insulation and flooring

After the base under the flooring is installed, it is time for floor insulation. It can be done in different ways, with different materials. We show the economy option – with expanded polystyrene plates with a density of 15 kg / m3 (more can be, less – no). Of course, it is not environmentally friendly, but the only one is not afraid of moisture and can be mounted without a subfloor. The calculated insulation thickness is 150 mm, two layers are laid: one is 10 cm, the second is 5 cm. The seams of the second layer should not coincide with the seams of the first (they are shifted).

For a start, a cranial bar of 50 * 50 mm is packed on the bottom edge of the log. It will hold the foam.

At the bottom there is a frame from a cranial bar that will prevent polystyrene foam from falling out.

Polyfoam is cut by a usual hacksaw. The canvas can be taken on a tree – it cuts faster, but it turns out a ragged edge or on metal – it goes slower, but the edge is smoother. The cut plates are laid in two layers, the seams overlap. Then, around the perimeter, they are glued with a sealant – to ensure waterproofing.

Next, lay the rough floor of the boards, align it and lay plywood on top (better FSF 5-6 mm). In order not to twist the rough flooring of the boards, lay the boards interspersed with the direction of the wave. If you look at the cross-section of the board, the annual rings go in a semicircle. So, it is necessary for the arc to look up and then down (see photo).

How to properly lay the flooring of the boards

You can do without the flooring of the boards. Then the thickness of the plywood should be at least 15 mm. Consider what is more profitable in your area and choose.

In any case, the sheets should fit into the run – the seams should not be the same (as in the brickwork). Do not forget to leave a gap of 3-5 mm between the sheets of plywood to compensate for changes in size with changing humidity.

Completed the second stage of building a frame house: flooring

Plywood is mounted on screws 35 mm long (preferably white – less waste) around the perimeter with a pitch of 12 cm, inside in a checkerboard pattern with a pitch of 40 cm.

Step 3: Frame Walls

There are two ways: the wall frame is assembled (all or part depends on the size) on the floor, then it rises, is exposed and fixed. Sometimes with this method, OSB, GVL, plywood are fastened directly to the floor on the outside of the frame: the rigidity is greater. This technology is called a frame-shield or “platform”. According to this principle, the factories mainly work: they build ready-made boards according to the project in the workshop, bring them to the site and only install them there. But the frame-shield housing construction is possible with your own hands.

One of the options for assembling a frame wall, the names of the elements

The second way: everything is going gradually, in place. The bar of the lower trim is hammered, the corner posts are set, then intermediate, the upper trim, etc. This is the technology called “frame housing construction” or “ballun”.

Assembling the frame of the walls with their own hands can be done gradually (technology ball) or blocks-shields (technology platform)

Which one is more convenient? It depends on how many people work and whether there is an opportunity, at least periodically, to attract assistants. It is faster and more convenient to work on the floor than to jump up / down the ladder countless times. But if the section is large, it will be difficult to lift it even together. Exit – or call assistants, or break the wall frame into small segments.

Installation step and cross-section of racks

Corner posts should be 150 * 150 mm or 100 * 100 mm depending on the load and the required width of insulation. For a single-story frame house, 100 mm is enough, for a two-story house – at least 150 mm. Intermediate racks in depth are the same as the corner, and their thickness – not less than 50 mm.

The step of installation of racks is chosen taking into account the load, but in reality it is more often selected on the basis of the width of the insulation. If you insulate with mineral wool in rolls or mats, first find out the actual width of the material. The clearance between the posts should be 2-3 cm less than the width of the insulation. Then there will be almost no waste; there will be no gaps and cracks through which it will be warm too. The density of the installation of insulation in the cage – the main point, because only it will serve as protection from the cold. The slightest violation will lead to the fact that the house will be cold. Therefore, the selection of insulation and its installation must be treated with full attention.

The option of gradual assembly of the frame of the house: the corner posts are set and fixed, the top trim is immediately mounted on them, then with the selected step vertical stands

Fastening racks is possible in several ways: wooden pins, with a hem or on the corners. The hem into the bottom trim should be no more than 50% of its depth. Corners are mounted on both sides. The fastening of the dowels is an old technology, but difficult to perform: they make long dowels, a hole is drilled through a stand and a bar of the bottom trim, a wooden thorn is driven into it, the surplus of which is cut off. It works well if the wood used is dry. If not, shrinking and loss of attachment rigidity are possible. Installation on reinforced corners is much easier.

According to Canadian technology, beams, to which windows and doors are attached, are made double. There is more load here, hence the support should be more powerful.

Reinforced racks near windows and doors are a must. Only in this way a frame house built with your own hands will be reliable.

Trims or bracing

If the outer plating is planned from high-strength plate material – OSB, GVL, GVK, plywood – mowing put temporary and inside the room. They are needed to align and maintain the geometry until the outer skin is attached. The strength of this material is enough to create the required rigidity.

If sheathing is planned to be made up from lining, etc. installation of permanent braids is required. And the best option is not those who put on several racks, but four small pieces each: two on top and two on the bottom (as in the photo below).

Such braces will give sufficient rigidity to the walls of the frame house.

Pay attention to the photo above the national team stand: two boards are knocked together with nails all over in a checkerboard pattern. These racks have an even greater carrying capacity than solid ones, cost less. This is a real way to reduce construction costs without losing quality. But time for construction increases: it is necessary to hammer nails a lot.

Corners of the frame house

Most questions arise when building corners. If you put a timber in the corner, then there seems to be no difficulty, except for the fact that the angle turns cold. In regions with a short and mild winter, this is not a problem, but already in central Russia requires some kind of solution.

Even with this option, the angle will be cooler

There are several ways to make the corner of a frame house warm. All of them are shown in the diagrams, so clearer.

When building a single-storey frame house, you can do so

With a residential second floor, the corners are made in one of these ways.

After assembling the frame, it is usually outside sheathed with OSB, plywood or other similar material.

Step 4: Overlap

Overlapping beams are based on the top trim bar. There are several ways to mount:

  • on supporting steel brackets;
  • on the corners;
  • with sidebar;

Cutting – cutting depth should not exceed 50% of the thickness of the upper trim beam. From above it is hammered with two nails, which should enter the strapping not less than 10 cm. Corners – the usual method. You can use enhanced, but not necessarily Perforated staples – the shape may be different Ceiling Beam Mounting with Metal Brackets

The dimensions of the beams, the pitch of their installation depends on what will be on top. If the second residential floor or attic. the section is taken more, the step is taken less: so that the floor does not sag. If on top only the roof and the attic are supposed to be uninhabited – these are completely different calculations and sizes.

In this one-storeyed frame house, the floor beams are at the same time a support for the rafters. Because they are released at 30 cm for the perimeter of the walls

If the second floor is completed, the overlap is sheathed with a rough floor of the second floor. So working on the creation of the second floor of a frame house will be easier. Its assembly is no different from the construction of the first. Is it only the fact that all the lumber has to be dragged to the second floor.

Step 5: The rafter system and roofing material

When developing a house project on frame technology, the most popular are the gable or mansard roof. Their device is no different. All the same principles and calculations. The only restriction applies to the weight of the roofing: it must be lightweight material from which wooden beams and ceilings can withstand the load.

This is what the frame looks like before the trim. If the walls are not sheathed, slight fluctuations are felt when working on the truss system. The outer skin makes the frame much tougher. A gable roof with a raised puff was chosen. For the convenience of fixing truss legs along the edge of the floor joists, a bar of 50 * 50 mm was nailed. In the rafters under it was made gash. At installation, they at first simply rested in a bar, then fastened For fixing the rafters in a predetermined position before filling the crate, temporary jibs were used.

Step 6: Warming

It is possible to warm the frame house with any of the materials available on the market with the corresponding characteristics. They are all imperfect, but all problems have standard solutions.

Basalt wool is the most popular insulation for frame walls. It comes in the form of rolls or mats of different densities. It is more convenient to install mats in the walls: they are denser and keep themselves well due to arching force. To do this, as mentioned above, their size should be 2-3 cm longer than the distance between the legs of the frame. Mats, of course, are additionally fixed with special fasteners, but it is more convenient to work than with a soft roll.

The most common cake warming frame wall

Mineral wool has high thermal insulation characteristics, good sound insulation. But there is also a solid drawback: it is afraid of getting wet and it must be protected from all sides not only from moisture (rain), but also from steam penetration. Therefore, from the side of the room, it is covered with a layer of vapor barrier membrane, which prevents the pairs from penetrating inside.

From the side of the street, thermal insulation made of mineral wool is closed by another membrane, but of a different type with different characteristics: a hydro-wind-protective vapor-permeable membrane. It is not blown, from the side of the street it does not allow moisture in the liquid and gaseous state, and the pair can leave the insulation: vapor permeability is one-sided. After installing the insulation, only finishing work remains. Actually, all construction is over.

It looks like a basalt mat installed between the racks

Now you know how to build a frame house. Detailing some of the processes is far from complete, but you have a general assembly sequence. Perhaps you will be helped by another video from a professional carpenter who has been engaged in the construction of frame houses for decades (see below).

Video installation instructions for frame houses

These are three videos of a great carpenter, Larry Khon. Each of them lasting more than an hour. The technology of building a frame house on the finished foundation is painted in great detail.

According to this instruction, self-erection is possible without questions: all stages of building a frame house and small things are commented and explained, to the point of what kind of nails, how long, how many pieces with which step, to hammer in each node. Demonstrates the main problems that may arise and methods for correcting them. If you decide to build a frame house with your own hands, do not take the time – watch the movie. You will become much clearer.

The first part is the bottom trim and the floor.

The second part of the video is the device and assembly of frame walls.

The third part is the construction of the roof of a frame house.

If you still doubt whether it is worth building a frame house, this is probably because you heard that this is a bad technology, that it does not work for us. There is such an opinion. But it is based on the fact that in Canadian and American frame houses they put out of dry forest, humidity. no more than 20-22%. In our conditions, wood from the sawmill brings almost natural moisture, which is up to 60%. Because the house leads and turns, they become cold.

But if you are going to build a house with your own hands, what will prevent you from using dry wood? Chamber drying it is expensive, the difference per cubic is very decent – almost twice. But by folding the wood on the plot into ventilated piles, it can be dried up to the same 20-22% per year. Saturate or not before drying bioprotection you decide for yourself. Dry wood does not rot and is not damaged by fungi, but from insects it is desirable to saturate it with bioprotection.

An example of such an opinion in the video. Explaining why the technology is bad…

Stages of building a house frame do it yourself

Despite a certain conservatism in the thinking of the population of our country in terms of construction (the use of heavy reliable stone and concrete materials), lightweight structures are becoming increasingly common. Houses from SIP-panels, wooden frame and frame-shield buildings are gaining more and more popularity. The reason for this is significantly lower cost as the desired material and its installation. In the article we will consider the stages of the construction of the frame house from the foundation to the roof.

Nuances of wooden construction

The main difference of wooden structures from the “classic” stone, concrete, reinforced concrete and steel is a high fire hazard. The use of load-bearing wooden structures causes the fire hazard class of the structure to be no higher than III (for stone and concrete, class II is characteristic).

Partially the problem is solved by fire retardants. These are special substances intended for the treatment of wooden structures in order to reduce flammability and flammability groups. Neglect of such treatment can lead to the most sad consequences.

Another vulnerable place for the construction of a frame house is susceptibility to biological destruction. It is about rotting and wood borers. To combat these factors, bioprotective formulations are used. Modern industry offers a complex fire and bioprotective means, the most appropriate to use for the protection of wooden structures.

Separately, we emphasize the importance of scrupulous fulfillment of all requirements for electrical installation. The most frequent cause of fire in houses is poor-quality wiring, the use of non-certified electrical equipment (sockets, switches), violation of electrical equipment operation rules.

The indisputable advantages of wooden frame houses include their lower cost and speed of construction.

Foundation – the first stage of the construction of a frame house

A complex issue in the framework of private construction was, is and will be the choice of the type of foundation. Wooden buildings are characterized by low weight. The foundation, as a rule, is also performed as “lightweight” in relation to the classic “stone” variant of the house. In this case, all types of foundations (tape, slab, pile) can be used for wooden houses.

The choice of the type of foundation for a frame house depends primarily on the engineering and geological conditions – the strength of the soil, the level of groundwater, and so on. For frame construction option it is possible to use column foundations.

To save money, you should order a geological engineering survey in the minimum amount. At least one well about 5m deep. Based on the survey report, it will be possible to determine the optimal basement option by consulting with a specialist. An independent solution of this issue “by eye” with a high degree of probability will result in either an oversupply of materials “in stock” or problems in the operation of a house installed on top of a too weak foundation.
Particular attention should be paid to the level of groundwater, their seasonal fluctuations, as well as the risk of the appearance of top watering – the so-called “soil water”. Payment of research and consultation with a specialist will pay off a hundredfold.

Stage 2: construction of the frame and interfloor overlap

The construction of the frame in the construction of a wooden house begins with the installation of the bottom trim. The dimensions of its cross section will directly depend on the type of foundation. For piles installed with a large pitch (3m or more), the lower strapping will be more powerful than for other options. The bottom piping over the pile foundation, in fact, is a grillage. In all cases (including at the strip and slab foundation) this strapping must be located above the ground mark. The bottom strapping should be antiseptic very carefully. In addition, under its bottom should be placed waterproofing of dense polyethylene, roofing material or other roll of insulating material.

The frame can be erected in two ways – by assembling each element separately directly in the place of its design position, or it can be assembled on the horizontal surface of the frame of the whole wall, then lift it “by butt” and set it in place. The second option is preferable, since it is more productive. It is especially convenient when the basement is designed in the form of a warmed Swedish plate – at the time of the frame assembly, the draft surface of the first floor floor (top of the plate) is a convenient platform for collecting wall frames.

Construction of a frame house from pre-assembled wall frames.

The spatial stability of the frame is provided either by shields (frame-shield scheme, characteristic, including, for SIP-panels), or nakoso typed in a reciprocal direction, the board. During the installation phase, temporary braces are often used that are installed on top of the frame. After sewing with boards or diagonal boards of one of the sides of the future wall, temporary braces are removed.

An example of the device of temporary braces.

As shields, as a rule, OSB (QSB) plates 12 mm thick are used. When sewing the board its thickness is within 18-25mm.
The pitch of the racks (columns) of the framework is very often prescribed to be equal to 60 cm, which in the case of the frame-shield scheme causes bewilderment. The size of the OSB plate is 125×250 cm, as a result of which a 60 cm step forms the need for undercuts of each shield by 5 cm in width or 10 cm in length. In this case, a step of 62.5 cm will be fully a multiple of the width of such a sheet (2 steps) and the length (4 steps). When boarding trim multiplicity of 60cm does not create problems.

The choice of board / board plating is usually based on the prices of these materials in the construction region. If the price is equal, preference should be given to the shield variant, as it is more technologically and quickly assembled.

Frame-shield scheme of a wooden house.

An example of a frame cladding board under 45 degrees in the opposite direction.

After the erection of the frame of the walls of the first floor and the device of the upper trim (belt) begin the installation of floor beams.

Reinforced concrete floors (both monolithic and prefabricated) in wooden houses are not used. From lightweight options such as Terriva and others like it is also better to give up. Wood has a very different linear expansion from other materials when the temperature drops. In addition, wood, as a “living” material, slightly changes its size and when the humidity drops. The combination in the bearing frame of dissimilar materials is extremely not desirable.

Floor beams are usually made of 50x200mm boards or doubled 50x150mm boards. The second option is preferable if the boards are mated with a mirror image of annual rings – such a beam will be more stable. The pitch of the beams depends on the span to be covered, the cross-sectional dimensions and the loads. Usually this step is in the range of 60-100cm.

The installation of wooden beams.

Before erecting the frame of the next floor it is necessary to lay the flooring over the floor beams. For this purpose, grooved floorboards or slab materials (OSB, plywood) are used in two layers. The joints of the second layer should not coincide with the joints of the first. In the case of the use of the floorboard until the end of construction, it is protected from pollution and damage by sheets of hardboard or thick cardboard.

Ceilings in wooden frame houses should be soundproofed. It is advisable to use finishing materials with vibration isolation. For example, a laminate coating laid over a cork substrate. Otherwise, the audibility will be very high, and the floor will be an analogue of the drum.

An example of a device for soundproofed ceiling on wooden beams with vibration isolation.

Stage 3: Roof

A good option for the roof device for a frame house is its pitched version. The roof can be single-slope, dual-slope, hip, etc. As a roofing layer, you can use any material – slate, corrugated board, metal tile, shingles, etc.

Knot of the device of a roofing layer with a covering from a bituminous tile.

The slopes of the roof form a truss system. Rafters are most often made of 50×150 or 50×200 section boards. Step rafters depends on snow loads in the construction region, span, section. Usually the step leaves 80-120cm.

Rafter foot rests on the mauerlat. In the frame wooden house, its function is performed by the top piping of the last floor.

An example of the device supporting node truss feet on the mauerlat.

The appearance of the attic floor, formed by the roof, at the stage of protecting the insulation with vapor barrier.

Stage 4: partitions, communications and interior decoration of the frame house

The best option for partitions in a wooden frame house is a frame made of wooden timber with a section of 50x100mm, sheathed on both sides with the same OSB plates. Step racks for partitions identical bearing walls. The internal cavity of the partitions filled with soundproofing material.

The device is a wooden frame for the partition.

In wet rooms (bathroom), the floor and walls are additionally sheathed with magnesite plates, on top of which they arrange waterproofing with coating materials. The use of magnesite plates makes it possible to cladding walls and ceilings with ceramic tiles.

There are no obstacles for the installation of drywall partitions in frame wooden houses.

Laying of house communications is carried out before the interior wall cladding. Electrical wiring is laid in special corrugated sleeves. Laying of water-bearing communications in the body of the overlap should be avoided. Risks of such communications are usually passed into the cavity walls.

The best option for interior walls and ceilings is drywall. It is easy to fix it with screws on the tree, followed by filling. The finishing part of the finish can be any – from painting to pasting wallpaper.

Fasteners

Fasteners in the construction of wooden houses are nails, building brackets and powerful wood-taper screws. It is better to refuse to use black phosphated self-tapping screws “for drywall” in view of their fragility. The use of such fasteners in the device plasterboard partitions valid.

Strengthen the connection of wooden elements can be using steel corners, plates, plates, etc.

Metal products to strengthen the connections of the wooden elements of the frame house.

Stage 5: Facade Finishing

The most common for finishing the facades of wooden frame houses received ventilated facade systems. For example, siding.

Appearance siding.

Any options for plastering for wooden houses are not acceptable. Facing with decorative wooden bricks will also cause problems (with the exception, perhaps, of the basement, if no wooden structures were used within it).

Conclusion

In order to avoid distortions of supporting structures, it is required to strictly observe the stages of construction of a frame house. This is especially true of the elements of spatial rigidity — temporal braces and frame plating. It is highly undesirable to use thinner materials, especially shields. This construction technology does not tolerate deviations and amateur. It is impossible, for example, to replace the OSB lining with sheets of chipboard, cement-sand, magnesite, gypsum-fiber. At observance of the requirements specified in this article the term of operation of the wooden frame house will make not less than 50 years.

Construction stages of a frame house

Perhaps such a topic as the technology of construction of a frame house will be interesting…

Construction of a house with a wooden frame – the pros and cons

In conditions of strong competition, budget technologies are becoming increasingly popular…

The main mistakes of the construction of frame wooden houses

The popularity of houses with wooden frames, despite the excess of advantages over…

Warming of a floor in the frame house on piles at a reinforced concrete and steel grillage

The lightness of the frame building allows it to be erected even on weak soils…

Frame house do it yourself. Step-by-step instruction of construction stages

Due to a number of advantages, frame and modular houses confidently lead in the rating of prefabricated structures, suitable not only for country use, but also for permanent residence. Light, not requiring a massive foundation, with high thermal protection, such constructions are not inferior to brick or block houses. In addition, there is always the opportunity to build a frame house with your own hands. Step-by-step instructions will help you understand the main stages of construction.

Competent project – a pledge of comfortable living conditions in the frame house

Frame house do it yourself. Step by Step Construction Instructions

The most affordable and fast construction technology is the construction of a frame house for permanent residence. Therefore, frame houses all over the world are so popular. Construction of the frame house 6×6 with their own hands, starting with the foundation and finishing with finishing works, can be carried out by a brigade of three people within two months.

Construction begins with the development of a competent project. You can build a frame house with your own hands, but it is better to entrust the project to professional designers. It should reflect the constructive, architectural, engineering, engineering sections and schemes of the frame house. It will be easy to embody engineering ideas with your own hands, strictly following all instructions.

Frame construction are becoming increasingly popular in the field of home construction

Photos of frame houses, the projects of which are developed by design organizations, clearly demonstrate the level of professionalism of designers. The network offers a lot of videos on how to build a frame house with his own hands.

Preparation and marking of the site under construction

Starting to build a frame house with their own hands, begin preparing the site for construction. For a qualitative marking the site is free from trees, bushes, grass, stones and debris. If the plot contains slope or unevenness in its relief, it is recommended to level it. All heights are cut to the required level, the ground is poured into the grooves.

Layout plot for the foundation

Starting the construction of a frame house with their own hands from scratch, produce marking for the foundation. To transfer data from the project to nature, it is necessary to mark the external dimensions of the house with the help of wooden pegs, as well as to outline the internal walls. All marking angles must be strictly maintained, since the future of the structure depends on it.

How to build a frame house with your own hands? For familiarization with the construction technology, it is recommended to watch a video lesson.

Video: do-it-yourself frame houses, step by step instructions

Laying the foundation of a frame house: instructions

The process of phased construction of a frame house with their own hands begins with the construction of the foundation. Given the ease of construction being constructed, there is no need to lay a massive foundation under it. For the foundation of a frame house with their own hands, they use columnar, tape (shallow-depth, prefabricated, monolithic), pile and other types of light foundations.

In our case, we take the basement foundation. This is a system of pillars installed in the corners of the future house, at the intersection of partitions and in other bearing points. The pillars are located around the perimeter at a distance of 2-2.5 m from each other. To do this, first arranged a shallow pit and sand pillow. When the foundation pit is ready, check the correctness of the marking with the diagonal method.

3D diagram of the arrangement of the column foundation

With the help of a drilling rig (motobura) or shovels dig holes for the columnar foundation. The formwork is installed, waterproofing is being laid and brick pillars are arranged. For waterproofing, you can use roofing felt or film.

If the posts are made of concrete or cement, reinforcement should be used. It can be equipped by strengthening the pillars on all sides with iron bars 12 mm in diameter. The reinforcement bars should protrude 15 cm above the post – this will ensure the subsequent bundle of posts with the grillage. Reinforcement is horizontal and vertical. Horizontal wire jumpers (wire diameter of 6 mm will fit) are placed at a distance of 20 cm.

Pillar foundation with concrete grillage

The framework of the grillage is made of rods tied with steel wire. Formwork is collected from the boards, the dimensions of which must correspond to the parameters of the trench. Next, proceed to pouring the concrete solution, which is kneaded independently or acquire the finished mixture. Concreting is done in stages, each time stamping the mixture. At the end of the work, 50-cm long pins are inserted into the foundation, onto which the skeleton of the wooden frame house will be attached.

Acquainted with the work on the construction of the foundation can be from the video “How to build a frame house with your own hands.”

Binding of the base of the frame house: step by step instructions

After the foundation work has been completed, it takes at least a week for the concrete to set properly. Next, equip the waterproofing of the foundation of roofing material or waterproofing, laying it in two layers. The trim is made of timber section 150×150 cm

Helpful advice! When choosing a bar for the lower trim, take into account the distance between the supports of the columnar foundation. The larger it is, the thicker the timber should be. This will help avoid sagging.

The prepared timber is laid on the foundation around the perimeter, control the length of the walls, checking the data with the project. If the length of the beam is not enough for laying on one side of the perimeter, it is necessary to join them to each other. The timber is cut and joined so that the docking places fall on the foundation pillars. Docking is done by cutting locks at the ends of the bar (the inlet is 30 cm). In the corners of the uneven bars are connected by the same principle.

Frame house can be built in two months

Next, fix the timber to the foundation with studs or bolts. Drill holes in the timber and in the cap of the foundation. Speakers attachment points as possible deepen. The joints are fixed with nails. The foundation binding under the internal partitions is performed in the same way. For reliability it is recommended to fix the joints with metal corners.

Visually familiarize yourself with the implementation of tying the foundation can be from the video “Frame houses with your own hands.”

Device flooring frame house do it yourself: step by step instructions

Installation of the floor begins with fixing the log to the bars of the finished trim. A log with a cross section of 10×20 cm can be used as a log. In this role, the board can also act, but then it is necessary to install two boards together for rigidity. The frequency of the location of the lag is calculated taking into account the size of insulation plates, which should fit tightly between the lags. For example, if mineral wool with a 61 mm wide sheet will be used for insulation, the lagging pitch is set to 60 cm.

For fixing the log, nails and fixing angles are used. The lags do not fit flush with the timber, but retreating from the edge of the timber about 5 cm, where the boards covering the gap between the lags will then be attached. When all the logs are mounted, one or two transverse boards are nailed between them to make the structure rigid.

The scheme of arrangement of the floor frame house

The next step will be laying on the crate floor membrane waterproofing material, which is covered with the entire surface of the floor frame. On top of the membrane stack plate insulation. Insulation is positioned so that the butt line of the plates of the previous layer is closed with the middle of the plate of the next layer.

Helpful advice! For high-quality paro-and waterproofing appropriate material is recommended to overlap in order to avoid moisture or steam.

A vapor barrier film is laid on top of the insulation and only after that the floor is covered with special slabs. In addition to the plates, you can use plywood or board.

Lathing of the wooden frame of the house on a pile foundation

Numerous photos of the frame house with your hands with a phased fixation of work will help to understand the installation in detail.

The device walls of the frame house

The installation of the walls of a wooden frame house is done by assembling the frame structure. It can be wooden or metal. Oak is most often used for wooden frames, but other wood species can also be used. The frame is assembled according to the construction scheme of the frame house. With his own hands, a wall span first collects on the floor, and then the finished wall element is mounted to the floor.

Arrangement of a floor and walls of the frame house

At this stage, it is important to correctly make all measurements and calculations of the length and height of future walls. The distance between the racks is made on the basis of the width of the insulation plates, so that they clearly enter between the racks. In the case of using mineral wool as a heater, the step is made 1-2 cm less than the width of the material. All vertical racks are nailed to the top and bottom frame member. For reliability, you can also use mounting angles.

When calculating the length of each wall, it is necessary to take into account that each span must be less than the thickness of the rack of the next span. Sometimes the length of the timber is not enough to cover the entire wall. In this case, the span walls form of several parts, which are subsequently connected to each other. The span of the wall, assembled from several parts, is easier to mount if the work is performed by one person.

Elements of construction of the frame house wall

To make the framework of the walls more rigid, jumpers are installed between the vertical posts. They, as a rule, are mounted in a staggered manner: in one space from above, in the other – from below. Lintels can be mounted both on the installed frame, and when the structure is still on the floor. Window and doorways in the frames of the walls are arranged according to the project.

When all the spans of the walls are ready, proceed to their assembly. The first span is mounted to the floor, and supports are installed outside. So alternately collect all the walls, connecting them together with nails. When joining parts of the walls of a single span, it is monitored to match the bottom and top of the structure. To fix the vertical level of the wall, use sticks (diagonally nailed boards).

Installation of walls of the frame house

Helpful advice! To control the verticality of the pillars and the correctness of the corners, use a long level or plumb and a construction square.

To get acquainted in detail with how the frame house is made with your own hands, use photo and video materials on this subject.

Installation of internal partitions and ceiling

When the outer walls are mounted, proceed to the installation of internal partitions. The principle of assembly of internal walls is no different from the installation of main walls, except that their thickness may be somewhat less. As for the heat-insulating layer, here it is used as sound insulation. In addition, the device of such walls does not provide for steam and waterproofing.

Reliable fixation of the frame elements will ensure the strength of the entire structure of the house

Next is the binding of the entire structure on the upper edge. This will contribute to the rigidity of the entire assembled structure and high-quality fixation of all angles. The top trim is made of planks, which are nailed from above along the entire length of the external and internal walls. The important point here is that the connecting lines of the parts of the walls should be covered with a solid board not less than 30 cm.

After that, the surface of all the walls with the outer or inner side is sewn osb-plates. This will give the final rigidity of the whole structure of the wall framework.

The arrangement of the attic in the frame house

The ceiling is mounted on the timber top trim. For this purpose, grooves are made into the timber, into which the ceiling beams are inserted, additionally fastened with nails. In the place where the internal partitions pass, the support bars are mounted, which are connected to the lower and upper trim. Nail ceiling shield, made of grooved boards.

The vapor barrier layer is laid on top of the shield, they are covered with an overlap ceiling beams. Next, flush with the beams laid out the material of thermal insulation (mineral wool, foam, expanded clay). A layer of insulation is covered with a waterproofing film and a board of boards is laid in the direction transverse to the beams. Next is going to the floor, as on the lower floor.

Ceiling arrangement with hydro and vapor insulation, as well as with the use of mineral wool as a heater and sound insulation

As an additional help, use a photo of the construction stages of a frame house with your own hands.

Roof structure

The roof is arranged at the stage when all the walls are built and fixed. Determined by the desired slope and the number of roof slopes. The most common is the gable roof. To increase the usable area, some houses are equipped with a veranda. The project of a frame house with a veranda can provide for two types of roof structure: above the house, a gable, above the veranda, a single slope. These types of roofs are also used for the frame house with an attic and a veranda. For single-storey frame houses with a flat roof, only one-sided construction is used.

Gable design – a popular solution for arranging the roof of a frame house

Rafters are selected with a cross section so that insulation can be laid between them. For the sample, take two boards with a length of 6 m and connect them into an L-shaped structure, lift them onto the roof, rest on the trimming beam so that the overhangs are 35-50 cm. The resulting design is fixed with a transom and used as a model for the rafters. They are mounted at a distance of 70 cm from each other.

The connection of rafters in the ridge is carried out according to the method of “half paws”. The first rafters are installed on the gables, and then a thread is drawn between them, according to the level of which the remaining intermediate rafters are mounted. Next, arrange crate: thinned or solid.

Helpful advice! Whatever the crate, its installation in the skate area should be performed without a gap.

The frame of the house is sheathed with OSB-plates from the outside

For roofing, you can use metal tile or profiled sheeting. This material is easy to install, has low weight and affordable price. In addition, such a roof will always have an attractive appearance.

You can learn more about the roof construction technique by searching the video “How the frame house is built” on the network.

The device for warming a frame house with your own hands: a step by step instruction

To know how to warm the frame house, you need to focus on the seasonality of living in the house. If it is planned to live permanently, then the heat insulating layer should be at least 5 cm thick. For arranging the warming of a frame house with their own hands, they use expanded polystyrene, foam or mineral wool.

The distance between the uprights of the frame should be slightly less than the width of the insulation

From the outside, the OSB slabs are covered with a waterproofing membrane. After that the lattice from rails for ventilation in the frame house is stuffed. With his hands on the inside between the vertical racks fits the necessary layer of insulation. Each subsequent layer of insulation should overlap the junction of the previous layer. To avoid moisture ingress from inside the room, a vapor barrier is filled over the insulation and the walls are sheathed with sheets of osb-plates.

Insulation for the walls of the house outside the siding: choose the material and method of installation. The choice of the type of insulation. Features of materials, their advantages and disadvantages. The main stages of installation.

Next, make the exterior of the house. This may be plaster, wall cladding wagon board or siding. The most acceptable finish is vinyl siding. as it is easily mounted and is able to protect walls from external atmospheric phenomena for a long time.

Siding lining – a good solution for finishing the frame house

The main advantages of frame houses

The construction of frame houses (reviews confirm this) solves the problem of obtaining comfortable and budget housing. The advantages of this technology:

  • the most affordable construction technology;
  • the ability to use lightweight foundation types;
  • fast erection speed;
  • sufficiently low thermal conductivity of the structure allows to reduce heating costs;
  • low heat capacity allows you to quickly warm up the house to a comfortable temperature in the event of intermittent use of housing;
  • excellent sound insulation;
  • the possibility of placing communications inside the walls, which has a positive effect on the aesthetic component of the premises;

Sample arrangement of frame house – a sectional view

  • Lack of shrinkage allows you to start finishing work immediately after the construction of the house and move into it in the shortest possible time;
  • use in the construction of environmentally friendly materials;
  • high seismic resistance (up to 9 points);
  • no need to heat the house in winter in the case of seasonal residence;
  • no need to use special construction equipment;
  • the absence of wet construction cycles makes it possible to work regardless of air temperature and water availability;
  • quick disassembly if necessary.

Prefabricated frame house with modern building materials

All these advantages contribute to the increasing popularity of frame technologies among the methods of construction of residential buildings. In addition, such technologies allow owners of small-sized houses to build a frame extension to the house with their own hands to increase living space. Such constructions are economical and, with proper construction, provide conditions for comfortable living. They are minimal in cost and can be added to any type of home.

Sources: http://stroychik.ru/strojmaterialy-i-tehnologii/karkasnyj-dom-svoimi-rukami, http://rems-info.ru/etapy-stroitelstva-karkasnogo-doma.html, http: // remoo. ru / stroitelstvo / karkasnyj-dom-svoimi-rukami-poshagovaya-instrukciya /

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *