The most common material for plating is drywall, which is quite light and cheap. Under it you can install a frame of a curved profile, which will also reduce the weight of the structure.
The use of plywood also makes it possible to create a light construction with an attractive look of natural wood. Its use is permissible only in dry rooms. Perhaps the use of moisture-resistant plywood, but it will cost much more. The material is becoming increasingly popular and is also used for the decoration of ceilings and floors. Partitions in a wooden house often require the installation of a door frame, a place under which should be strengthened.
Before installation, markup is first done. Using a plumb and level on the walls, floor and ceiling beat off the line and set the guide bars. Their attachment depends on the base material. Hat fastener hiding in the tree. First, the extreme posts are mounted, and horizontal elements are mounted on them. After that, intermediate vertical bars are set along the horizontally stretched thread. Between the frame and the base everywhere encloses a continuous insulating gasket.
The construction of the partition
Making a partition in a wooden house with your own hands is not that difficult. Sheathing of boards or chipboard can withstand loads up to 30 kg. If it is intended to hang something substantial (a boiler, a TV, shelves), the construction in this place is reinforced by horizontal mortgages from a similar bar. Fastening of crossbars is made with the help of screws and corners. The installation locations of the crossbars correspond to the joints between the cladding sheets.
Wooden partitions in a wooden house are filled with soundproofing plates or mats with an allowance so that there are no gaps. Quality of sound absorption depends on density of laying. To protect the frame from moisture, which may fall from the room, a vapor barrier is attached to it on both sides. It must be located so that water vapor leaves the interior and does not fall outside.
For fire safety, the electrical wiring in partitions is best laid in a metal hose, and non-combustible materials should be used as grounding boards. You can also place electrical wiring in heat-resistant corrugation. Under it cut openings in the bars or plates soundproofing. On the other hand, the frame is also covered with sheets of plating similarly to the first.
The frame is sheathed with plasterboard, plastic panels, plywood, MDF, clapboard. Interior partitions in a wooden house are often made of the same material as the load-bearing walls. A sheet board is well suited for this.
Wood trim improves indoor climate. Every year new materials for wall cladding are on sale, which are at the same time finishing coatings and give the room an elegant look.
Wooden partitions in a wooden house provide advantages in terms of creating uniform deformations of temperature and humidity. Their decoration is chosen at its discretion, to get a harmonious combination with the interior.
Our ancestors did not sleep like we did. What are we doing wrong? This is hard to believe, but scientists and many historians are inclined to believe that modern man does not sleep at all like his ancient ancestors. Initially.
15 symptoms of cancer that women most often ignore Many of the signs of cancer are similar to the symptoms of other diseases or conditions, so they are often ignored. Pay attention to your body. If you notice.
10 charming star children, who today look very differently Time flies, and one day, little celebrities become adult personalities who are no longer recognizable. Cute boys and girls turn into a.
It turns out that sometimes even the loudest glory ends in failure, as is the case with these celebrities.
12 things you should not buy in second-hand Check out the list of things that should always be new, and never buy them in second-hand.
Why do I need a tiny pocket on jeans? Everyone knows that there is a tiny pocket on jeans, but few people wondered why he might be needed. Interestingly, it was originally a place for xp.
How to make interior partitions in a wooden house with your own hands
Houses of any types of timber have a very flexible internal architecture. Without any problems, you can embed a new window in them, cut a door or change the size / shape of the rooms within the supporting walls. One of the means by which internal redevelopment of a house from a bar is carried out is partitions. The technology of installation of partitions is in many ways universal and suitable for any type of house with slight modifications.
What are the partitions in a wooden house?
During redevelopment, it becomes necessary to divide a large room into separate areas, for which partitions are installed. If the house of timber does not have interior decoration, which is not included in some projects of houses. and retains its structure, then when creating a partition, it harmoniously fit into the interior of the room. This applies to both bar-shaped partitions and frame, which are easier to manufacture. It unites all the partitions designs – the need for reliable fastening to the walls, floor and ceiling. After all, the partitions themselves do not have the necessary rigidity due to the small thickness, therefore, the rigidity of the walls of the house. There are the following types of partitions, which are used in houses of timber:
For the manufacture of such partitions using timber, the thickness and texture of which correspond to the walls. This allows you to harmonize such a partition into the interior. There are two types of bar-like partitions. The first ones are installed between two walls, for the second they first make a supporting frame, and then fill it with a bar. The skeleton for the partition is created from a board or beam and fixed to the floor and ceiling. Such a construction is used if it is necessary to create not a blank partition, but to pierce a door, window or arched doorway into it. If the frame design is too complicated to use a timber, then it is sewn with clapboard, the width and texture of which corresponds to the walls. In this case, the wall paneling is fixed with hidden fasteners, so that the partition does not need to be disfigured with nails or self-tapping screws. On the timber frame cut the lock “crest”, and in the ends of the boards cut the lock “groove”. Thanks to this, the timber frame connects all the elements of the partition and gives them the necessary rigidity.
The board partitions are in many respects similar to timber, the only difference is in thickness. If it is not possible to fix the boards in the load-bearing wall, then this type of partitions is used where differences in the pattern of walls and partitions are permissible. The advantage of wooden partitions is the low cost of materials, so they are used in bathrooms and various utility rooms. In this case, the frame form two adjacent vertical boards that attach to the walls or floor and ceiling. It is also permissible to install the frame boards horizontally. Then between them insert facing boards. Also, the frame can be made from one board and sewed on one or two sides with facing boards, setting them at an angle of 90 °. Facing boards are fixed with nails and screws. Also, the frame can be made of timber with a thickness of 2-3 times larger than that of the board. In this case, the groove of the board is cut into the bar and inserted into it. Such a frame is made in both vertical and horizontal execution. The use of this type of frame allows you to embed doors, windows and various openings into the partition. For cladding use planed board, the side faces of which are processed to create a groove-comb lock. This configuration eliminates the appearance of gaps as a result of drying boards.
This type of partitions is used where there is no need to bind to the texture and color of the beam bearing walls. If the walls are plastered from the inside, covered with plasterboard or painted, then the surface of the frame partition is treated in the same way. The cost of the material, this type of partitions is the most economical, because the frame is sawn unplaned timber or board, the cost of which is markedly lower than that of planed lumber. In addition, the partition is sheathed with plywood or oriented strand board (OSB), and the cost of this material is noticeably lower than that of lining or floorboard. Another advantage of frame partitions is the ability to adjust sound absorption. This is achieved by inserting sound-absorbing materials inside the frame.
Features of fastening of various types of partitions
The best way to fix bar-shaped and plank partitions to the wall is a tongue-and-groove lock. The groove is made in the form of grooves on the wall, and the crest is cut at the ends of the board. This method of installation allows you to harmoniously enter the partition into the interior of the room. If for some reason this method of installation is not suitable, create a skeleton of a planed timber, cutting a groove in it, and at the ends of the boards or timber, which will fill the partition, cut the crest. If the appearance of the partition may differ from the interior of the room, then unstressed bars are attached to the walls as a frame, and the board is attached to them with nails or screws.
Soundproofing, resistance to rot, mildew and fire
When choosing a partition type, it is necessary to consider the requirements for sound insulation, as well as the impact of aggressive factors – dampness, mold, open fire. It is impossible to increase the sound insulation of bar-shaped partitions due to the fact that both of its sides are part of the interior of the house. Therefore, sound insulation is limited by the thickness of the timber or boards from which the partition is made. Sound insulation of wooden and frame partitions can be increased by installing sound-absorbing elements – mineral wool, foam plastic, foam rubber. The exceptions are the wooden partitions, both sides of which have a direct impact on the interior of the house.
To increase the resistance of partitions to fire, rot and mold, boards and beams are treated with special substances. The first time this is done before the partition is assembled, the second before the final polishing. If polishing is not required, then re-processing is carried out after the end of installation, and then repeated once every 3-5 years.
Insert elements and partition shrinkage
Inset windows, doors and various arches are made depending on the type of partition. If the partition is made of planks or timber, then an opening is cut out in it and a casing is installed. The box is fastened using a groove-ridge lock, and depending on the configuration of the partition, the groove can be cut on boards or cant as well as on the casing. This box is needed to compensate for the seasonal shrinkage of the partition and increase its strength. The window or door is attached not to the partition itself, but to the casing with screws. To embed these elements in a frame partition, they remove the casing and rework the frame, creating an opening of the required size. After this, a window or door is mounted, then the partition is sewn-up taking into account new elements.
When creating partitions in a house from a bar, it is necessary to take into account the seasonal shrinkage (shrinkage) of the material. In dry rooms, the change in height from floor to ceiling is somewhat less than in those where the humidity level periodically increases. These rooms include kitchens, living rooms, bedrooms, baths and bathrooms. To compensate for the shrinkage of the partitions of the boards or timber, each row is laid with natural insulation, for example, jute or flax. The top of the partition wall is slightly lower than the ceiling (the difference depends on the humidity of the planks or timber, the flow of fresh air into the room, the average temperature and other factors). In most cases, enough difference in 2 centimeters. To hide the gap, it is sewn up with a decorative plinth.
Grinding and decorative coatings
After processing planed wood with protective substances, a layer of pile rises on it, dramatically worsening the appearance of the partition. In addition, in the process of creating partitions often make mistakes, due to which not all the timber or boards fit exactly. Grinding eliminates these disadvantages. For grinding use different belt sanders, however, they allow you to handle the surface of the partition no closer than 10-20 centimeters from any of the edges. Therefore, the edges of the partition must be grinded by hand. After grinding, the partition is cleaned of dust and varnished. If necessary, add various dyes to the varnish.
The partition is also painted, plastered with wallpaper or tile, plastering, and also causing various decorative coatings. To paint the partition first putty, then cleaned with emery paper. For wallpapering, the partition wall is free of dust and primed with glue. This improves the quality of the wallpaper sticker. For plaster or tile stickers use plastic reinforcing mesh, as well as polyurethane adhesives. The use of cement glue is undesirable, because in the process of seasonal drying the surface of the partition changes its size, which leads to cracking and shedding of the glue.
Sources: http://postroystenu.ru/peregorod/ispolzovanie-derevyannyx-peregorodok-v-interere.html, http://fb.ru/article/187441/derevyannyie-peregorodki-v-derevyannom-dome-montaj-peregorodki- mejkomnatnyie-v-derevyannom-dome, http://aquagroup.ru/articles/kak-sdelat-mezhkomnatnye-peregorodkiki-v-derevyannom-dome.html