Installation of the stairs in a wooden house step by step instructions

Marching ladders, in turn, are subdivided into types:

  Installation of the stairs in a wooden house step by step instructions

Marching stairs are simple and concise, this type is most suitable for making their own hands

Both the first and second types are considered not difficult to manufacture and are most in demand.

Such stairs are a spiral that goes up to the second floor. This type saves a lot of space, but it is labor-intensive in production.

The spiral staircase is original and beautiful, but it is better to entrust its production to professionals.

Combined

These systems combine the two previous types. Their production is the most difficult and therefore not suitable for self-erection.

Combined systems are more complex in production and it will be quite difficult for a beginner to mount them.

Making the stairs with your own hands – instructions for making

First, we will determine the material of manufacture and prepare the tools necessary for work.

Material selection

For the production of staircase design, you can choose:

For the manufacture of stairs you can use a variety of materials.

The most suitable material for self-manufacturing stairs is, of course, natural wood. Its advantages are obvious:

  • environmental friendliness and safety;
  • non-toxicity;
  • ease of processing;
  • relatively economical price;
  • long service life.

Therefore, for the construction of our stairs, we will choose natural wood. Best of all, if it is pine wood – spruce, pine. You can also use ash, beech, maple, oak, birch and other species.

Natural wood – the best choice for the production of stairs do it yourself

So, we have decided on the type of construction being constructed – this is a flight of stairs. We also chose the easiest to process and eco-friendly material – natural wood. The next point is to prepare the necessary tool.

Cooking tool

  • Measuring devices – tape measure, ruler, level.
  • Electric drill manual type.
  • Hacksaw for woodworking.
  • Screwdriver.
  • Hammer.
  • Electroplane.
  • Sandpaper.

Optimal set of necessary tools

We prepare the main elements

Before installing the ladder system, it is necessary to prepare the following parts:

  • Processed boards of the desired size (in accordance with the drawing).
  • Bars for the production of steps.
  • Boards for the steps.
  • Bowstrings or kosoura (depending on the type of design).
  • Railings, balusters, handrails – these parts can be bought ready-made.
  • Fasteners – screws, screws, bolts.

This figure details all the components of the structure.

The main stages of installation

In order to make a quality staircase with your own hands, use the following instructions for making photos and videos.

Stage 1. Schematic drawing

Draw a drawing, which denotes the main elements of the future design.

Detailed drawing of all the main elements of the staircase – the most important initial stage of production

Stage 2. Perform the necessary calculations

Performing design calculations is probably the most exhausting process, but it still needs to be completed. You can do this in several steps:

  • determine the height of the structure – to calculate it, measure the distance from the plane of the first level floor to the floor of the 2nd floor. This will be the length of the march;
  • we determine the height of the steps – usually the most optimal height for a person of average height of 17 centimeters;
  • we will calculate how many steps and risers will be needed – for this, the height of the ladder, which we have already measured, is divided by the height of the steps (17 cm);

Before making the ladder it is necessary to calculate

  • the width of the walk – for convenience when walking, the smallest value of this parameter should be equal to 22 cm, and the largest – 40 cm.

The correct calculation of the size of the steps and the steps is the key to the comfort of the future design

Stage 3. We make kosour

We cut the beam prepared for this part to the required dimensions and cut out the notches of the required size for the installation of steps.

In the beam for kosoura we cut out notches of a certain size according to the drawing

Stage 4. Check the kosour

To do this, we attach it to the place where there will be a staircase, if necessary, make adjustments to the details.

This diagram shows the detailed calculations of the kosour.

Stage 5. Fastening kosoura

We attach the kosouri and fasten them together to the top beam with the help of anchor bolts.

Kosour securely fasten anchor bolts

Stage 6. Installation of the risers

Attachment of the risers to the kosour is carried out using self-tapping screws.

At this stage we make installation of the steps

Stage 7. Installation of steps

When the sub-steps are mounted, as shown in the photo below, we fix the steps themselves.

This is how the structure should look like at this stage when the approaches are secured.

Steps mounted screws.

In this photo, almost finished staircase with fixed details

Stage 8. Mount balusters and railings

This step is performed using screws or hat bolts measuring 100 x 8 mm.

Practically the final stage – we mount balusters and railings

Stage 9. Finishing work

The last stage of the work is the putty, painting and varnishing the already installed installed ladder.

And finally, paint our ladder or varnish it

Video instruction: how to make a staircase with your own hands

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Ladder to the second floor do it yourself

The construction of the stairs in the house – the process is not easy, but doable. The main difficulty lies in the calculation of the angle of inclination and parameters of the span, because not only the convenience of operation, but also the durability of the structure depends on it. A solid and beautiful staircase to the second floor with your own hands is an opportunity to test your strength and gain experience for further home improvement.

Ladder to the second floor do it yourself

Content step by step instructions:

The choice of the type of design

First you need to decide on the type of stairs in order to correctly make calculations. The house is most often used stairs made of wood, concrete and metal; By configuration, they are straight, swivel and screw. There are also combined designs of varying complexity.

Concrete products require a very strong base and a long time to manufacture, but they are also the most durable and durable. Installation of metal structures is not difficult for those who know how to use welding, and a wooden ladder will be able to make anyone who will become familiar with the technology of this process.

The direct flight to the second floor is considered the easiest to install; it consists of a small number of parts, takes up little space, does not require complex calculations. Screw constructions are used where there is little free space; they look very elegant, but not always easy to use. Raising something dimensional and heavy on such steps will be problematic. Structures of several spans are more difficult to build, but they are ideal for houses where there is a large distance between the floors.

Simple wooden staircase

The one-March staircase consists of kosour, railings, treads and risers. The tread is called the horizontal part of the step, the riser – the vertical. Bridgeboards are the bearing elements of the structure, having special cuts on the upper edge for fastening the steps. Instead kosourov often use bowstrings – bearing beams with grooves for the steps. The risers and railings are not mandatory elements, but for convenience and safety it is better when they are present.

The height of the ladder is equal to the distance between the floors plus the thickness of the floors. To simplify the calculation of the length of the span and base, you must first determine the parameters of the steps. If elderly people and children live in the house, the optimum step height is 15 cm, for others the height of 20 cm will be more convenient. It is not recommended to make the risers even higher, as the rise will be too steep and less comfortable.

The main parameters of a single-ladder ladder

The step width is 20-30 cm, and a lot depends on how much space you can take under the stairs. The wider the steps, the more space the structure takes. When suitable sizes are selected, the number of steps and the length of the base can be calculated. To do this, divide the height of the ladder by the height of the riser, round the resulting value to a whole number, and then multiply it by the depth of the tread. For example, if the total height is 3 m and the riser height is 20 cm, 15 steps will be required:

With a step width of 25 cm, the base length is 15×250 = 3750 mm.

Manufacturing technology

When the calculations are made, you can begin to manufacture elements of the stairs. For kosour need very dense solid wood, because they must hold not only the weight of the structure, but also people. From a thick cardboard cut out a template on which the cutouts correspond to the size of the steps, and the slope is equal to the angle of the ladder. At the ends of the kowers, grooves are cut for fastening to the base and upper floors, after which they are laid out according to a pattern.

Combined wooden staircase on kosoura

For further work you will need:

  • jigsaw;
  • grinding machine;
  • building level;
  • anchor bolts;
  • drill;
  • hammer.

Jigsaw on kosourah make protrusions on the markup, then with two sides treated with a grinder. Holes for fasteners are cut down in the ceiling beams or metal supports are installed. On the floor of the first floor along the line of the lower step, a support bar is installed and fixed with anchor bolts. After that, the assembly of kosour is made, necessarily checking the angle of inclination with the help of a level. At the top and bottom of the kosoura fix anchor bolts.

The next step is making the steps. To do this, take dry boards with a thickness of 36 mm; their width should be equal to the width of the steps or be slightly larger. For risers, you can use boards with a thickness of 20 mm. The length of the blanks should correspond to the width of the stairs – from 80 cm to 1.2 m.

Kosour has a sawtooth shape

After trimming, each workpiece must be sanded to remove sharp cuts and irregularities. The process of installing steps is very simple: the lower notches of the kosurs are coated with carpenter’s glue and steps are applied, aligning along the edges. Fix them with screws and put on top of the stage. Glue is needed so that the wooden elements do not creak when loaded.

Alternately laying all the steps, proceed to the installation of the railing. Railings consist of balusters and handrails; for the manufacture of balusters using square timber or shaped pieces of wood. Install the balusters, either at each stage, or through one, depending on the slope and the length of the span. Screws are used as fasteners, which are often closed with special plugs for beauty. If the staircase to the second floor is located in the center of the room, the railing can be installed on both sides.

Wooden staircase design option

The finished structure is once again ground and treated with an antiseptic primer. After that, you need to cover the wood with varnish, paint or other composition that does not form a too smooth surface. If the steps are rough, this will increase their safety for the household. The coating is applied in 2 or 3 layers, with each layer must be completely dry before applying the next.

Production of straight concrete stairs

In a spacious house with concrete ceilings of the second floor can be made of concrete. Most often, in houses, structures of two types are assembled – monolithic and combined, in which only kosour is concrete. The second option looks more attractive and elegant. For the manufacture of concrete stairs necessarily need a formwork and a very strong foundation.

Production of straight concrete stairs

In the process, you will need:

  • edged board, upholstered in foil or waterproof plywood;
  • durable timber 100×100 mm;
  • knitting wire and fittings;
  • self-tapping screws;
  • concrete solution.

The boards for formwork should be 3 cm thick, the plywood thickness should not be less than 18 mm. All sizes calculate the same as for the wooden stairs, but the base should be as strong as possible. They begin with the assembly of the formwork: boards or plywood are knocked down according to the drawing, observing the angle of inclination and preventing the formation of cracks.

The finished formwork is installed between the floors and secured with wooden bars. After that, the armature is laid out inside the frame, connecting the transverse rods with wire. In the place of installation of the railing fix the cork of wood, and then fill the formwork with the finished solution. It is necessary to fill the frame immediately, otherwise the solidity of the base will be broken.

Filling of a framework of a ladder with concrete

When the concrete grasps well, the formwork is removed, and the surface of the steps is moistened periodically to avoid cracking. It is possible to start finishing only after complete drying and hardening of the concrete. For the manufacture of a combined ladder, the casting of the kosour is made in the same way, but the formwork is done much narrower and taking into account the installation of the steps.

When the concrete grabs well, the formwork is removed.

To finish the monolithic construction use wood, stone, tile and other materials. When facing should take into account the weight of the material, because the tile and stone have a greater load on the base than wood panels. Any steps can be fastened to a concrete kosour, such a base is especially well combined with a tree.

Metal ladder installation

For the manufacture and installation of a straight metal staircase to the second floor you will need:

  • steel channel number 10;
  • metal corners;
  • welding machine;
  • sheet iron;
  • file and grinder with a nozzle for grinding.

Metal ladder installation

The channel is cut into pieces and a frame is made from them according to the size of the ladder. The corners are welded to the side faces of the frame at equal intervals equal to the height of the step. All corners should be parallel to each other. To make it easier to install the structure, the steps are welded after mounting and fixing the frame.

The upper ends of the frame are securely fixed with anchor bolts to the overlap of the second floor, the lower ones are fixed to the floor. Next, the steps are welded from sheet metal and the railing is fixed. At the completion of the assembly, the joints are ground with a nozzle or file processed, and then coated with an anti-corrosion primer.

Spiral staircase

This design takes up little space and looks more decorative. With a height of 2.5 m, you need to make about 15-17 steps; the diameter of the base will be about 2 m. The most common method of mounting spiral staircases is stringing onto the central axis of the steps of a trapezoidal or triangular shape. The narrow part has a width of 15 cm, wide equals 30-35 cm.

To independently make a spiral staircase, you will need:

  • steel pipe with a diameter of 50 mm;
  • pipe diameter of 55 mm;
  • wooden slats for the template;
  • steps corners;
  • welding machine;
  • file;
  • primer.

The pipe of smaller diameter is the central stand, so its length must correspond to the distance between the first and second floors. For greater stability, the rack is recommended to concreted at the base, pre-set vertically. A pipe of larger diameter is cut into cylinders with a length of about 25 cm. Cuts must be made strictly perpendicular, otherwise it will not be possible to level the steps horizontally.

It is very important that the cylinders fit snugly on the central tube and do not form a backlash. If the tight docking does not occur, the rings will need to be sealed.

For the manufacture of steps is convenient to use a template from the rails. Wooden slats are glued together so that the corners nested in the frame form a step of the given parameters.

Greek spiral spiral staircase with curved glass railing

Each step is welded to its cylinder and carefully polished. After making all the elements, you can proceed to the assembly of the structure. Steps put on the axial tube, set the angle and tightly welded to the axis.

The final stage – fixing the railing and finishing. The railing may consist of fittings, chrome tubes, thin profile; very elegant look wrought iron railing. All metal surfaces must be sanded and primed, painted.

Spiral staircase option

In a similar way collect spiral staircase to the second floor of the wooden steps. Wood blanks are made in the form of a trapezoid, in the narrow part of which a 50 mm diameter hole is drilled. With the help of special seals, the steps strung on the axis are fixed on the central rack. Next, set the railing, the tree primed and painted, decorated with decor.

Video – Ladder to the second floor do it yourself

Sources: http://lestnica.guru/materialy/derevyannye/delaem-derevyannye-lestnicy-svoimi-rukami-poshagovaya-instrukciya-video.html, http://lestnicymaster.ru/lestnicy/poshagovaya-instruktsiya-po-izgotov lestnitsy-svoimi-rukami /, http://svoimi-rykami.ru/stroitelstvo-doma/lestnica/lestnica-na-vtoroj-etazh-svoimi-rukami.html

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