How to make an interior partition

Do-it-yourself room dividers

  How to make an interior partition

Interior partitions will help make the apartment redevelopment to your taste. They do not belong to the supporting structures, but only divide the space of the apartment formed by the main walls. At the moment there are several types of partitions, they can be made from any materials, regardless of what the house is built from. During the redevelopment should take into account the requirements that apply to each type of buildings. In this article you will learn about the features of self-erecting interior partitions and you can see detailed video instructions for working with brick, gypsum concrete, wood, gypsum cardboard and glass.

Room dividers from which is better

6 conditions that must be considered before the construction of interior partitions

  1. Partitions for mansards, 2 and 3 floors should have a small weight.
  2. In rooms with high humidity the walls must be made of moisture-resistant materials, otherwise you need to veneer moisture-proof material.
  3. If you plan to conduct additional communications, the partition should be made thicker than usual.
  4. The partition, which separates the heated and unheated premises, should be insulated.
  5. A glass partition will help preserve natural lighting indoors.
  6. Finished structures should be durable, reliable and safe.

Do-it-yourself room dividers

How to increase the sound insulation of interior partitions

The higher the noise insulation index, the better the partition prevents the spread of sounds from the TV, computer, conversations. The isolation index between the rooms in the apartment should be about 43 dB, but this does not include low-frequency noises that arise from industrial equipment. Monolithic walls, in contrast to the frame, are much better constrained by low-frequency sounds.

They perfectly absorb the noise of the construction from the shell rock, gas and gypsum concrete, and ceramic materials. An insulation index of up to 50 dB will provide baffles with a thickness of about 150 mm, and up to 40 dB will provide walls of about 100 mm.

Multi-layer structures guarantee a higher level of insulation, therefore, basalt slabs and mats are often placed between the coating in the framework of the coating. The sound insulation level in frame systems will be higher if you increase the distance between the layers, use building materials with enhanced insulation properties, and also increase the weight and stiffness of the cladding.

A narrow partition with several layers has a more complex structure, but at the same time it allows to save room space. A massive monolithic partition will provide exactly the same soundproofing effect as a narrow one, however, it will significantly reduce the area of ​​the room.

To ensure good sound insulation with their own hands. do not forget to insulate with pads the joints of the partition with the floor and ceiling. Gypsum fiber can be used for plating (12 mm), and as a middle layer – mineral wool or fiberglass. Electric cables are hidden in corrugated pipes, and pipes from an air conditioner are recommended to be insulated.

How to make interior walls of popular building materials

Interior walls of limestone, bricks, aerated concrete are often installed in houses with reinforced concrete floors. The thickness of the brick wall can be 12 cm or 6.5 cm. In the latter case, it is recommended to make additional layers of mineral wool, about 5 cm thick on both sides for sound and heat insulation. Quite often, pipelines are hidden in the bricks partition, so it has a thickness of about 40 cm. The exterior finish is carried out with plaster.

If the building structure is made of aerated concrete, make partitions of up to 12 cm thick from the same material. Interior walls are made of ceramic blocks of approximately the same thickness as that of aerated concrete. These building materials are lighter than bricks, so it is beneficial to use them in cases where you need to reduce the load on the floor.

The installation of such partitions is carried out after the capital bearing walls have already been erected in the building.

  1. Level the floor with cement mortar.
  2. Start laying with corners and constantly check the level of its verticality.
  3. In the places where the partition is attached to the wall, it is necessary to leave grooves up to 6 cm.
  4. Between the ceiling and the top of the erected structure, drive in wooden wedges, and then fill the gap with the solution.

Due to the fact that the blocks of massive materials are even, it is convenient to work with them even for a beginner. To ensure that the lines of masonry are smooth, fix wooden slats on the floor and wall. If you work with aerated concrete, do not forget about the waterproofing, which must be laid at the base. It is recommended to reinforce brick partitions with any dimensions; when working with other materials, it is worth carrying out reinforcement if the wall is high or thick.

How to make interior walls of brick and gypsum concrete

How to make interior walls of brick and gypsum concrete

Today in the construction market you can find a lot of materials based on gypsum. It is recommended to make walls of them in buildings with floors made of wood or reinforced concrete. Materials are treated with a water repellent if the humidity in the room is high.

Gypsum concrete partitions are much lighter than brick walls and have a smooth surface. Gypsum concrete slabs are suitable for laying household communications, as this building material is easily cut. The thickness of the finished gypsum concrete partition is from 6 to 10 cm, depending on the dimensions of the starting material. To increase sound insulation, make a double partition.

Installation of gypsum concrete partitions

  1. Make partitioning installation partitions.
  2. Roofing material is laid under the bottom row of gypsum concrete blocks, and then the whole system is installed on the cement mortar.
  3. The reinforcing mesh is laid in horizontal joints, while fixing it in the bearing walls.
  4. All gaps are sealed with a solution of gypsum.
  5. Erected walls shpaklyuyut.

Keep in mind that the gypsum mortar hardens quickly, so do not prepare it in advance. If the non-bearing walls are made in a new building, then you need to wait 4 to 12 weeks after the construction of the finished structure, so that the walls do not crack. In the new buildings interior walls need to be installed to the floor screed. Before installation, do not forget to make marks in all planes so that the finished wall turns out to be even.
Watch the video: Interior partitions from Knauf gypsum panels

How to build interior walls of wood

How to build interior walls of wood

Partitions made of wood are solid or frame, suitable for attic, 2 and 3 floors of the house. Install such walls can be in buildings of any building materials. The advantage of wood systems is that in the future they are convenient to disassemble and implement redevelopment.

Monolithic wooden walls are made of floor-to-ceiling boards. To make a good sound insulation you need to install the boards in 2 rows, and lay insulation between them. Such a system has significant drawbacks – a lot of weight and consumption of materials.

If you want the manufacture of an interior partition of boards and bars the amount of materials consumed was minimal, make the frame-type construction. The basis of the frame is made of bars, of which make upright and strapping. Covering do of lining or chipboard. The thickness of the finished structure will be about 17-18 cm, so additional communications can be positioned in the middle.

Installation of wooden partition

Installation of wooden partition

  1. The tie bar is laid at the base.
  2. The beam is installed on the beam and on the bolt.
  3. If the partition is solid, on the strapping you need to fix the horizontal guides, and between them – the boards.
  4. If the frame construction, it is necessary to put the rack every 400-600 mm. All frame elements are fastened with screws and metal corners.
  5. The distance between the bars fill the materials for sound insulation.

So that cracks do not appear over time, a metal grid is fixed at the joints. The gap between the ceiling and the upper part of the structure should be about 100 mm and more. Fill it with coarse fiber and triangular bars.

How to make interior walls of plasterboard

How to make interior walls of plasterboard

Manufacturing partition walls GKL – ideal for beginners and those wishing to perform redevelopment in a short time. Drywall suitable for the construction of walls in houses of different materials, as well as in buildings with high humidity.

In the frame system, in addition to drywall includes metal profiles and sound insulation. The casing can be single, double or double with an air gap.

Installing partitions of gypsum

  1. The system is installed on the screed or overlap before laying the floor covering.
  2. For soundproofing, attach sound-proof tape to the profiles.
  3. Attach horizontal profiles to the floor and ceiling.
  4. Lay soundproofing between metal profiles.
  5. Seal all defects and protruding screws with a putty.

To protect the joints from cracking, lay a reinforcing mesh and zashpatlyuyte.
Watch the video: DIY plasterboard partition

Glass interior partitions do ourselves

Today, glass blocks are represented on the market of various sizes, colors and surface reliefs. Most often, these designs are used in order not to reduce the amount of natural lighting in the room or to make additional light.

In appearance, glass blocks look like square bricks with glass walls. There is air inside the blocks, so they let through about 60-70% of the light and have good sound insulation. The dimensions of the edge of the bricks often are 190 or 240 mm.

Unlike all previous types of interior partitions, glass stacked after the floor screed, at the stage of finishing, but before finishing. Lay the glass blocks on the principle of brickwork on the cement screed. The thickness of the seams is about 10 mm. Do not forget to beautifully sew the seams so that the partition looks aesthetically pleasing.

Since glass is a fragile material, use cork seals to protect the structure from cracking. We recommend using colored or white cement when laying blocks.

The cost of installing an interior partition is up to 50% of the price of the material. By following the instructions from the photo and video, you can do the redevelopment yourself. The construction of partitions is a good way to change the layout of the living space. Now the pantry area is easy to use to extend the hallway or room, and one-room apartment can be divided into two parts. Using different materials and advice on construction. You can make a partition with a thickness of 6.5 to 20 cm, while the design can be both monolithic and sliding.

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Sources: http://svoidomstroim.ru/steny/sovety-ekspertov-iz-chego-sdelat-mezhkomnatnye-steny.html, http://fb.ru/article/211523/mejkomnatnyie-peregorodki-iz-chego-luchshe- delat, http://www.svoimi-rukamy.com/mezhkomnatniye_peregorodki.html

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