When measuring, consider the height of your future staircase in a frame house. the angle of its inclination, the number of steps and their width.
As a rule, such schemes are in electronic form. There are special computer programs and applications that allow you to create such models. Professional programs for construction organizations have a 3D function. Although it is not necessary for the construction of the mid-flight ladder, the usual plan on paper will be enough.
Standard interfloor wooden stairs are installed on kosourah or on bowstrings. The difference is as follows: bowstrings are located on the side of the steps, and skewers are under the steps.
The staircase usually has two side bows. Its steps are mounted on both sides. Consider the installation and installation of the stairs with this technology.
Installation of the staircase
Initially we draw up a detailed scheme for the stairs and its parts. Pre-cut steps from boards, make 2 bowstrings and special supporting bars. Next, the steps are connected to the bowstrings. Under each step we make a supporting bar. All bowstrings mounted to the floor and to the walls.
Kosuar and bowstrings
Spiral wooden floor stairs
Oak spiral staircase
If you can not build a staircase in a wooden house with your own hands, then you can opt for a finished spiral wooden structure. The advantage of this staircase is that it will significantly save space in the house.
It is important to consider when building a spiral staircase its angle of inclination. If it is too cool, it can be dangerous to health, especially if there are children and elderly people in the house.
A simple way to install and install a spiral staircase is to buy an already finished, measured structure. Saving on installation will also bring you significant benefits.
A spiral wooden staircase consists of three main parts: a stand, a handrail and steps. When choosing a tree for the steps, choose an oak. He is not only one of the most durable materials, but also has a beautiful view and excellent performance.
Before buying a spiral staircase, measure dimensions in detail to choose the right design for your home. There is another option – to hire a specialist who will make all the measurements himself, and after that make an order for the stairs. If you have skills in construction, you can make the steps yourself, ordering only a rack and railings. Usually racks and railings on order make chiseled, although there are also rectangular.
The device is a spiral staircase
– On one side, the steps are attached to the stand, and on the other, they have holes for the railing.
– Racks most often metal. They have a flange to which the steps are attached.
– The most common design of the stairs – “in duck step.” It assumes a special form of steps.
– Rack mounted between floors. It is attached to the floor with anchor bolts.
– After installing the rack, the installation of steps. The distance between the steps should not exceed 20 cm. This is necessary for your safety. When installing and installing steps, count so that the last step of the stairs fits exactly to the floor of the second floor.
In the spiral staircase, as in the marching many decorative elements and details. And each set has its own decorations and different parts, and fastening elements. When installing and installing a simple mid-flight ladder, the calculation is different, the geometry of the opening is rectangular. The opening at the spiral staircase is a circle.
If you decide to order a finished wooden staircase, then contact a proven and reliable company with good reviews. Buy a finished wooden ladder or do it yourself with your own hands is up to you.
Painting the stairs is divided into three main parts:
– preliminary preparation of all parts of the stairs;
– painting the stairs and its parts;
– painting the stairs with a protective lacquer coat.
Before starting work, you need to prepare each element of our stairs for painting. And this means: putty and polishing the stairs. Putty need to produce special mixtures for wood. The use of compounds that are not suitable for wood is strictly prohibited.
When the puttied layer has dried, proceed to sanding the surface. Grinding goes in two stages. The first stage is rough, it is also called superficial. After it you need to wait a few days. You will notice that villi form on the surface of the tree. Blow with air before the second grinding.
After completion of the grinding work board will be perfectly smooth and smooth. Now feel free to start applying the first coating.
Before starting painting, apply a coat of primer on the wooden stairs. And better to choose a primer in tune to the paint.
When choosing paint stop your attention on alkyd or urethane coating types. These paints are ideal for the flight of stairs. Choose lighter tones from the color range.
If desired, instead of paint, you can use impregnation. or use a stain or varnish. The advantages of the stain are that it perfectly emphasizes and highlights the unique pattern of the tree. Your stairs will look perfect. Choose a stain with varnish. And do not save with the purchase. The better the coloring composition, the longer the ladder will last. Stain is not only a decorative finish, but also protection from various factors.
After the paint has dried, apply a top coat of varnish. Choose matte or semi-matt varnish. Varnishing is carried out in three stages. And before each subsequent application of the previous layer of varnish should dry. If air bubbles form on the lacquer, then at the end of the painting just sand them.
Video on the production of straight stairs
Spiral staircase production video
How to make a wooden staircase with your own hands
When building a house, it is often necessary to build a ladder. After all, most of the projects imply the presence of the second floor. Stairs between floors can be built from different materials. However, the tree is one of the most simple, eco-friendly and convenient. A beginner can handle this stuff.
Of course, the work will take some time. However, the work will quickly pay off, because the design, made with the soul, will serve for many years to the joy of the owners. In addition, the construction of the stairs with their own hands – this is a significant savings.
Types of wooden stairs
In total, there are two main types of wooden stairs:
Marching stairs are the simplest, therefore, it is best to start building a construction for the construction of such a structure. Spiral staircases are very complex, they require careful calculations and measurements. One mistake – and the design may fail.
Marching ladders are divided, in turn, into two types: one-mid-flight and two-mid flight. Both types are not so difficult to make them yourself.
Before you make a wooden ladder with your own hands, you need to purchase materials and prepare tools.
From the materials you need to take:
- thick boards (they will go up the steps);
- bars of sufficiently large cross section (about 40 mm);
Before you make a wooden staircase, you must definitely consider its design on paper.
It would be very unwise to build without a drawing, so it is necessary to take measurements and make an approximate plan before building the stairs.
When measuring it is necessary to consider:
- ladder height;
- angle of inclination of the structure;
- number of steps;
You can make a similar scheme in electronic form. There are special computer applications that allow you to create such models. Professional software for construction purposes can even have a 3D function. However, it is not necessary at all – to create such a clear example when calculating a simple ladder.
Bowstring or kosour?
A simple flight of stairs can be installed on kosourah or on bowstrings. The difference is that the bowstrings are located on the side of the steps, and the strings are under the steps.
A simple staircase, as a rule, has two side bows. Steps are mounted on both sides. The construction described here will be arranged in this way.
- The scheme of a ladder on bowstrings A detailed diagram of the ladder and each of its parts is drawn up.
- You must first cut the steps from the plank, make 2 bowstrings and supporting bars.
- Steps connect with string. Under each step you need to make a supporting bar.
- Bowstrings mounted to the floor and walls.
Paint the stairs
Painting The whole process of staining the stairs can be divided into three parts:
First you need to prepare each element of the stairs for painting. This implies two types of work: puttying and grinding. Hard putty is made by special mixes which are intended only for wood. Use of compounds that do not fit under the tree is prohibited.
When the putty layer is dry, you can begin to grind surfaces. Grinding is done in two stages. The first stage is rough, superficial. After it, you have to wait a couple of days. It will very soon become noticeable that villi are rising on the surface of the wood. Before the second grinding they need to blow air.
After sanding the board becomes perfectly flat and smooth. Now you can proceed to the coating.
When the surface of the stairs is ready for the floor, you need to decide what it will be. Before you paint the wooden stairs with paint, apply a coat of primer. It is better to choose a primer in tone to painting composition.
The choice of paint is better to produce among alkyd and urethane types of coating. They are ideal for painting the flight of stairs. From the colors it is preferable to take something light.
Elements If there is a desire, then instead of paint it is possible to use wood stain. The advantage of the stain is that it perfectly emphasizes the unique pattern of wood. Stairs will look just great. Natural drawing is always preferable. Why hide it with coloring compositions when it can itself serve as a decoration.
Stain can be selected along with varnish. When buying, it is advisable not to save. After all, the better the composition is, the longer the construction itself will serve. Wood stain – not only decorative furnish. This compound perfectly protects against various factors.
When the paint has dried, a finishing coat of varnish is applied to the surface. It is better to choose a matt varnish; a semi-matt variety is also suitable. Varnishing is done in the case of a ladder in three stages. The composition is applied three times, and before each new application the previous layer should dry well. If bubbles have formed on the lacquer, they should be sanded.
Spiral staircase in the house
If you still want to make a spiral staircase in the house. then you can try the easiest installation option. The advantage of this design is that it significantly saves space.
When building it is important to take into account that the stairs do not turn out to be too steep. If there are elderly people and small children in the house, then it is more reasonable to refuse such a construction, because it can be dangerous.
The easiest way to install a spiral staircase is to buy a ready-made, already exhausted set, and just mount it. Saving on installation will also bring substantial benefits.
The design of the spiral staircase consists of three main elements: racks, railings and steps. Steps are better to choose oak. They are not only one of the most durable, but also have high aesthetic characteristics. Moraine and thermo oak also look very good.
Before buying, it is necessary to measure the dimensions of the future ladder in order to choose the design exactly for your house. A more expensive option is to hire a specialist who will measure everything, and then place an order for the design. If you have the skills to work in construction, you can make the steps yourself, ordering only the rack and railings. Most often racks with railings are metal, but there are also wooden varieties.
- Steps on one side have a place for attachment to the rack. On the other hand there is a hole for the railing.
- Rack most often metal. It has a flange to which the steps are attached.
- The simplest design of the spiral staircase is “in the duck step”. It assumes a special form of steps.
- Rack mounted between floors. It is attached to the floor with anchor bolts.
- When the rack is installed, you can begin the installation of steps. The distance between them should not exceed 20 cm. This is necessary for safety reasons.
When mounting the steps, it is necessary to calculate so that the most recent one goes exactly to the floor of the upper floor.
The spiral staircase also has many decorative details. And each set can have its own decorations and various fastener elements. When installing an ordinary flight of stairs, the calculation is carried out differently, the geometry of the opening here is rectangular. At the spiral staircase staircase is a circle.
You can learn more about the process of building wooden stairs in the following videos:
If you still decide to order the manufacture of wooden stairs to the second floor, contact a proven company with good reviews, compare the prices of wooden stairs. Buy ready-made stairs or make your own to decide.
Sources: http://lestnica.guru/materialy/derevyannye/delaem-derevyannye-lestnicy-svoimi-rukami-poshagovaya-instrukciya-video.html, http://domsdelat.ru/poleznie-soveti/kak-postroit-derevyannuyu lestnicu-svoimi-rukami-v-dome.html, http://kakpravilnosdelat.ru/sdelat-derevyannuyu-lestnicu-svoimi-rukami/