Do-it-yourself room dividers

Currently used two types of partitions in the frame house with the use of wood – this is solid and frame.

  Do-it-yourself room dividers

Wooden partitions are used in houses made of different materials, without reinforcing wooden floors, they are perfect for second floors of houses and attic rooms. Such structures are easy to assemble and dismantle, so they are ideal if in the future you plan to redevelop. In rooms with increased humidity, wooden partitions should be protected with waterproof impregnation.

Solid partitions of wood produced from vertically standing boards. To increase noise insulation boards are mounted in two rows, distributing between them soundproofing material or air gap. The disadvantage of this design is the high consumption of materials and as a result, the cost, as well as a large proportion compared to the frame interior partitions.

Structural systems based on a wood frame are made of bars and upper and lower straps. Sound insulation plates are installed between the wooden racks of the frame.

Covering do of lining. plywood sheets and stuff. At the interior partition of two rows of a wooden frame with an air gap separating them, the noise insulation index increases significantly. This design has a thickness of about 18 cm, and inside you can easily install engineering communications.

Installation of these partitions in the house with their own hands as follows: at the base of the interior partition a special beam is laid, which firmly rests on the floor beams. To form a solid structure on the strapping, it is necessary to fasten two horizontal guides, between which the boards are vertically fastened, connecting in their upper part with a fixing wooden bar.

When installing a frame partition on the strapping bar, the racks are installed with a certain pitch, combining them with the top strapping. Details and elements of a wooden frame are fixed between themselves with nails or screws, using metal corners. On the one hand, they install the casing, and after that the space between the wooden bars is filled with sound insulation. Wooden frame constructions are fixed to the walls with metal crutches, to the skin with self-tapping screws.

At the junction of partitions with adjacent structures, you need to fix a special metal mesh. This will protect the entire structure from cracking.

In a wooden frame house, interior designs must be installed one year after the house is built, i.e. after significant shrinkage. The distance between the top of the interior partition and the ceiling should be at least 10 cm. It must be filled with tow and covered with triangular bars.

Plasterboard partitions

Drywall Wall Partitions

A modern system for the installation of drywall partition walls allows you to perform construction work especially quickly.

Lightweight plasterboard walls in the house can be used from different designs and building materials and in any other premises, even with increased air humidity.

The structure of this system includes metal profiles – horizontal guides and vertical rack and special sound-proof building material.

Use designs with different layers of plating, as well as on a double metal frame. The level of sound insulation of an interroom partition depends on the total number of cladding sheets, the total thickness of the internal noise-insulating layer, and the presence of an air gap.

These constructions are mounted during finishing works before installation of floor coverings. Polyurethane sound-insulating tape is glued to horizontal metal profiles, and they are fixed to the floor and ceiling with dowels and screws. Rack-mount metal profiles are installed in steps of 60 cm. The frame of the frame must be secured on one side with self-tapping screws, and a sound-proof material must be placed between the metal profiles. After that install the trim on the other side of the partition. All the roughness and irregularities of the cladding, as well as the caps of the screws need to be patched with putty.

For a better quality of sound insulation, partitions are installed to the supporting structures of the ceiling, and only after that the plasterboard is laid. All seams between gypsum plasterboard should be puttyed in several steps.

Interior partitions from glass materials

Glass interior partitions

To create these interior partitions using glass blocks, which differ from each other in a huge palette of various colors, the choice of surface textures and initial sizes.

Glass interior partitions are used in order not to limit the access of natural light to the rooms located in the depth of the frame house.

All glass blocks have the form of hollow “bricks” with walls of transparent or colored glass. Due to the presence of air inside them, they have excellent sound insulation properties and transmit up to 80% of daylight.

Installation and installation of glass blocks is carried out as follows: blocks, as a rule, are placed on the finishing stage of finishing the room, but before the final finishing of the walls and ceiling. Glass blocks are placed on the cement screed. The technological process of their laying in the wall is similar to the process of brickwork, although the ligation of the seams is not needed. The thickness of the seam is obtained about 1 cm. For laying apply a cement mixture or cement-lime mortar. It is applied on the horizontal and vertical surfaces of the glass block.

The connection of the interior partition of glass blocks to the ceiling must be sufficiently elastic, using cork gaskets, since glass is a very fragile building material, and the wall may crack under various deformations.

It is better to install glass blocks on white or colored cement, then the seams will look neater.

Prices for interior partitions

The final cost of the interior partition will depend on various factors.

Moisture and fire resistant building materials will cost more than standard materials. Also, the price may increase the quantity and quality of the final finish, base frame and soundproof material. The installation of an interior partition is approximately 40% of the cost of the entire construction material, and its delivery to the destination and unloading, especially when choosing heavy building materials, may be equal to their cost.

It will be interesting to read:

Room dividers

Do-it-yourself room dividers

Interior partitions will help make the apartment redevelopment to your taste. They do not belong to the supporting structures, but only divide the space of the apartment formed by the main walls. At the moment there are several types of partitions, they can be made from any materials, regardless of what the house is built from. During the redevelopment should take into account the requirements that apply to each type of buildings. In this article you will learn about the features of self-erecting interior partitions and you can see detailed video instructions for working with brick, gypsum concrete, wood, gypsum cardboard and glass.

Room dividers from which is better

6 conditions that must be considered before the construction of interior partitions

  1. Partitions for mansards, 2 and 3 floors should have a small weight.
  2. In rooms with high humidity the walls must be made of moisture-resistant materials, otherwise you need to veneer moisture-proof material.
  3. If you plan to conduct additional communications, the partition should be made thicker than usual.
  4. The partition, which separates the heated and unheated premises, should be insulated.
  5. A glass partition will help preserve natural lighting indoors.
  6. Finished structures should be durable, reliable and safe.

Do-it-yourself room dividers

How to increase the sound insulation of interior partitions

The higher the noise insulation index, the better the partition prevents the spread of sounds from the TV, computer, conversations. The isolation index between the rooms in the apartment should be about 43 dB, but this does not include low-frequency noises that arise from industrial equipment. Monolithic walls, in contrast to the frame, are much better constrained by low-frequency sounds.

They perfectly absorb the noise of the construction from the shell rock, gas and gypsum concrete, and ceramic materials. An insulation index of up to 50 dB will provide baffles with a thickness of about 150 mm, and up to 40 dB will provide walls of about 100 mm.

Multi-layer structures guarantee a higher level of insulation, therefore, basalt slabs and mats are often placed between the coating in the framework of the coating. The sound insulation level in frame systems will be higher if you increase the distance between the layers, use building materials with enhanced insulation properties, and also increase the weight and stiffness of the cladding.

A narrow partition with several layers has a more complex structure, but at the same time it allows to save room space. A massive monolithic partition will provide exactly the same soundproofing effect as a narrow one, however, it will significantly reduce the area of ​​the room.

To ensure good sound insulation with their own hands. do not forget to insulate with pads the joints of the partition with the floor and ceiling. Gypsum fiber can be used for plating (12 mm), and as a middle layer – mineral wool or fiberglass. Electric cables are hidden in corrugated pipes, and pipes from an air conditioner are recommended to be insulated.

How to make interior walls of popular building materials

Interior walls of limestone, bricks, aerated concrete are often installed in houses with reinforced concrete floors. The thickness of the brick wall can be 12 cm or 6.5 cm. In the latter case, it is recommended to make additional layers of mineral wool, about 5 cm thick on both sides for sound and heat insulation. Quite often, pipelines are hidden in the bricks partition, so it has a thickness of about 40 cm. The exterior finish is carried out with plaster.

If the building structure is made of aerated concrete, make partitions of up to 12 cm thick from the same material. Interior walls are made of ceramic blocks of approximately the same thickness as that of aerated concrete. These building materials are lighter than bricks, so it is beneficial to use them in cases where you need to reduce the load on the floor.

The installation of such partitions is carried out after the capital bearing walls have already been erected in the building.

  1. Level the floor with cement mortar.
  2. Start laying with corners and constantly check the level of its verticality.
  3. In the places where the partition is attached to the wall, it is necessary to leave grooves up to 6 cm.
  4. Between the ceiling and the top of the erected structure, drive in wooden wedges, and then fill the gap with the solution.

Due to the fact that the blocks of massive materials are even, it is convenient to work with them even for a beginner. To ensure that the lines of masonry are smooth, fix wooden slats on the floor and wall. If you work with aerated concrete, do not forget about the waterproofing, which must be laid at the base. It is recommended to reinforce brick partitions with any dimensions; when working with other materials, it is worth carrying out reinforcement if the wall is high or thick.

How to make interior walls of brick and gypsum concrete

How to make interior walls of brick and gypsum concrete

Today in the construction market you can find a lot of materials based on gypsum. It is recommended to make walls of them in buildings with floors made of wood or reinforced concrete. Materials are treated with a water repellent if the humidity in the room is high.

Gypsum concrete partitions are much lighter than brick walls and have a smooth surface. Gypsum concrete slabs are suitable for laying household communications, as this building material is easily cut. The thickness of the finished gypsum concrete partition is from 6 to 10 cm, depending on the dimensions of the starting material. To increase sound insulation, make a double partition.

Installation of gypsum concrete partitions

  1. Make partitioning installation partitions.
  2. Roofing material is laid under the bottom row of gypsum concrete blocks, and then the whole system is installed on the cement mortar.
  3. The reinforcing mesh is laid in horizontal joints, while fixing it in the bearing walls.
  4. All gaps are sealed with a solution of gypsum.
  5. Erected walls shpaklyuyut.

Keep in mind that the gypsum mortar hardens quickly, so do not prepare it in advance. If the non-bearing walls are made in a new building, then you need to wait 4 to 12 weeks after the construction of the finished structure, so that the walls do not crack. In the new buildings interior walls need to be installed to the floor screed. Before installation, do not forget to make marks in all planes so that the finished wall turns out to be even.
Watch the video: Interior partitions from Knauf gypsum panels

How to build interior walls of wood

How to build interior walls of wood

Partitions made of wood are solid or frame, suitable for attic, 2 and 3 floors of the house. Install such walls can be in buildings of any building materials. The advantage of wood systems is that in the future they are convenient to disassemble and implement redevelopment.

Monolithic wooden walls are made of floor-to-ceiling boards. To make a good sound insulation you need to install the boards in 2 rows, and lay insulation between them. Such a system has significant drawbacks – a lot of weight and consumption of materials.

If you want the manufacture of an interior partition of boards and bars the amount of materials consumed was minimal, make the frame-type construction. The basis of the frame is made of bars, of which make upright and strapping. Covering do of lining or chipboard. The thickness of the finished structure will be about 17-18 cm, so additional communications can be positioned in the middle.

Installation of wooden partition

Installation of wooden partition

  1. The tie bar is laid at the base.
  2. The beam is installed on the beam and on the bolt.
  3. If the partition is solid, on the strapping you need to fix the horizontal guides, and between them – the boards.
  4. If the frame construction, it is necessary to put the rack every 400-600 mm. All frame elements are fastened with screws and metal corners.
  5. The distance between the bars fill the materials for sound insulation.

So that cracks do not appear over time, a metal grid is fixed at the joints. The gap between the ceiling and the upper part of the structure should be about 100 mm and more. Fill it with coarse fiber and triangular bars.

How to make interior walls of plasterboard

How to make interior walls of plasterboard

Manufacturing partition walls GKL – ideal for beginners and those wishing to perform redevelopment in a short time. Drywall suitable for the construction of walls in houses of different materials, as well as in buildings with high humidity.

In the frame system, in addition to drywall includes metal profiles and sound insulation. The casing can be single, double or double with an air gap.

Installing partitions of gypsum

  1. The system is installed on the screed or overlap before laying the floor covering.
  2. For soundproofing, attach sound-proof tape to the profiles.
  3. Attach horizontal profiles to the floor and ceiling.
  4. Lay soundproofing between metal profiles.
  5. Seal all defects and protruding screws with a putty.

To protect the joints from cracking, lay a reinforcing mesh and zashpatlyuyte.
Watch the video: DIY plasterboard partition

Glass interior partitions do ourselves

Today, glass blocks are represented on the market of various sizes, colors and surface reliefs. Most often, these designs are used in order not to reduce the amount of natural lighting in the room or to make additional light.

In appearance, glass blocks look like square bricks with glass walls. There is air inside the blocks, so they let through about 60-70% of the light and have good sound insulation. The dimensions of the edge of the bricks often are 190 or 240 mm.

Unlike all previous types of interior partitions, glass stacked after the floor screed, at the stage of finishing, but before finishing. Lay the glass blocks on the principle of brickwork on the cement screed. The thickness of the seams is about 10 mm. Do not forget to beautifully sew the seams so that the partition looks aesthetically pleasing.

Since glass is a fragile material, use cork seals to protect the structure from cracking. We recommend using colored or white cement when laying blocks.

The cost of installing an interior partition is up to 50% of the price of the material. By following the instructions from the photo and video, you can do the redevelopment yourself. The construction of partitions is a good way to change the layout of the living space. Now the pantry area is easy to use to extend the hallway or room, and one-room apartment can be divided into two parts. Using different materials and advice on construction. You can make a partition with a thickness of 6.5 to 20 cm, while the design can be both monolithic and sliding.

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We build interior partitions with their own hands

Published: 21.04.2012 Category: Construction

Views: 41,130

Do-it-yourself room dividers

There are many designs of interior partitions, they can be used regardless of the materials of which the house is built. It is important to make the partitions technologically correct and to ensure their compliance with the requirements that are necessary for certain rooms.

Among the vertical structures inside the house bearing walls and partitions are distinguished. On the first floor and overlap roof structures, they themselves should be based on the foundation, and on the second floor – on the lower wall. The position of the bearing walls on the plan of the house is rigidly fixed.

Interroom partitions are not bearing structures. They only divide into separate rooms the internal space of the house, bounded by capital walls. Therefore, they can be made from heavy solid materials (for example, bricks), and from light ones (for example, drywall, wood). Soundproofing, environmental friendliness, aesthetics, the possibility of space redevelopment depend on the material and quality of the partitions.

Comparative characteristics of partitions

Requirements for interior partitions

All interior partitions in the house must:

  • to be durable and resilient so as not to create a danger to the tenants;
  • maintain the required service life, in some cases equal to the lifetime of the house itself;
  • not have cracks on the surface and in places of junction with other structures (so as not to become a haven for insects, rodents and moisture storage).

In addition, there are special requirements:

  • for partitions of bathrooms and laundry is important resistance to moisture and steam. It is desirable to carry them out of waterproof materials, but the main thing is to prevent moisture from entering the interior of the structure. This problem is solved by facing from waterproof material;
  • for partitions of second floors and penthouses in houses with floors on wooden beams, low weight is important, since they can withstand a lower load than reinforced concrete;
  • if it is necessary to illuminate the room in the depth of the house, then it is better to use a translucent partition – from glass blocks or structures with glass inserts;
  • for laying utilities (wiring, chimneys, water pipes, etc.), a stationary partition of increased thickness will be suitable;
  • the partition dividing the zones with different temperature regimes must be massive and guarantee high thermal insulation.

In most cases, the system should provide sound insulation of the premises. Massive structures do a good job with this task, and in light partitions, sound insulation material between the skins is used for this purpose.

Sound Protection Level

The airborne sound insulation index for interroom partitions between rooms, a room and a kitchen, a room and a bathroom according to regulatory requirements should be at least 43 dB. The higher this figure, the better the design prevents the spread of domestic noise – from colloquial speech, radio, TV. However, it does not take into account the isolation of low-frequency sounds of a home theater or working engineering equipment (ventilation, pumping). With equal indexes of airborne sound insulation, a massive partition suppresses low-frequency sounds much better than a lightweight frame. It is also important to note that the holes in the partition (for example, the gap in the doorway) significantly reduce the level of sound insulation. In matters of acoustics, there are a lot of nuances, and if for any reason it is important to perfectly soundproof the room, you should contact an acoustic engineer.

Traditional types of interior partitions provide a comfortable level of sound insulation. Structures made of massive and at the same time porous materials – ceramics, aerated concrete, gypsum concrete, shell rock – absorb and reflect sounds of any frequencies well. Such partitions about 10 cm thick provide an acoustic insulation index of 35-40 dB, 15 cm thick – up to 50 dB. To improve the sound insulation of systems made of these materials, if necessary, arrange an air gap between the two rows of masonry or additionally revet the wall with drywall.

Multi-layer constructions are also effective in which external hard layers that reflect sound (for example, gypsum plasterboards) are combined with soft layers that absorb it. In frame partitions, mats or basalt fiber plates are used as soft layers, which are placed between the veneer. The level of sound insulation of frame systems is the higher, the greater the mass and stiffness of the cladding layers, the wider the gap between them and the better the insulating properties of the soft material. Therefore, the absorption of noise will significantly improve the use of a double layer of cladding and special sound and not heat insulating materials.

To achieve the same sound insulation effect, sometimes you have to choose between thick monolithic and narrow multi-layer partitions. The latter can save usable floor space at home.

Ensuring sound insulation of interior partitions

The places of fastening the frames to rigid structures, as well as the places of connection with the floor and ceiling must be insulated with elastic gaskets

As a middle layer, a material with a thickness of 100 mm or more (fiberglass, mineral wool, cellulose insulation) is used, for plating – HL or GF (12 mm)

Taking care of safety, electrical cables are laid in corrugated tubes. air conditioner freon tubes are insulated

Interior partitions from massive materials

The massive include partitions of ceramic materials, shell rock, aerated concrete, silica brick.

Application area

Such structures are used in houses made of appropriate materials with reinforced concrete floors. Aerated concrete walls are undesirable to use in rooms with high humidity.

Materials and structures

Brick partitions are made of building ceramic or silicate brick of a grade not less than M25. Sufficient thickness of a single-layer system is 12 cm (half a brick), if the partition is small – 6.5 cm (from a brick laid on the edge). To improve the sound insulation of the structure, it can be made three-layered – mineral wool (5 cm) is placed between two 6.5 cm thick walls or an air gap is left.

If in a brick partition (or its parts) arrange ventilation ducts or hide pipelines, its thickness reaches 38 cm. Such systems are already too heavy to be installed on the floor. On the first floor they are supported on the foundation, on the second – on the wall of the lower floor. Traditional finish brick partition – plaster 1-2 cm.

In a house of ceramic blocks, you can partially or completely make partitions of the same material, namely, from one layer of blocks with a thickness of 10-12 cm. For structures made of aerated concrete, blocks with a thickness of 8-12 cm in one layer are used. Partitions of these materials are lighter than brick ones, it is advantageous to use them if it is necessary to reduce the load on the floor, in addition, they are easier to finish.

The installation of massive partitions begin after the installation of the supporting structures of the building. The base is leveled with a cement-sand mortar. To ensure accuracy when laying the corners, a wooden (from shields) or metal template is used, the verticality of the masonry is checked by a plumb line. In order to connect the partitions with the walls, when laying the latter, at the junction of the partitions, grooves (grooves) 5-6 cm deep are left. Bricks are made in them during the installation of the system. If the grooves are not left, the partition and the wall are connected with metal rods. Wooden wedges are hammered into the gap between the top of the partition and the ceiling, and the gap is filled with plaster mortar.

At the same time, the feature of mounting structures made of ceramic blocks and aerated concrete consists in the fact that the large and precise dimensions of the blocks allow the bricklayer to work without templates. To ensure smooth lines, on the floor and on the wall at the junction of the partition, wooden slats are fastened along which the blocks are laid.

Control zones

  • At the device of partitions from a gas concrete in their basis place waterproofing material (two layers of roofing material).
  • If the length of the partition 12 cm thick of brick exceeds 5 m or more than 3 m in height, then the masonry is reinforced with a grid or wire rods, placing them in the solution every 4-5 rows and tying the ends of the reinforcement with the vertical and horizontal bearing structures of the building. 6.5 cm thick brick walls are reinforced with any length and thickness.
  • Blocks of aerated concrete and ceramic blocks should be cut to ensure the ligation of the seams (two vertical seams should not be on top of each other).

Interior partitions from massive materials

At the end of this section, you should look at the video instructions, where you can clearly see right by steps exactly how the interior partitions are built from aerated concrete blocks:

Interior partitions of gypsum-concrete slabs

On the basis of gypsum and various fillers, prefabricated large-sized slabs intended for partitions are produced.

Application area

Structures made of gypsum-concrete slabs are used in houses with reinforced concrete and wood floors. For rooms with high humidity, moisture-proof plates treated with water-repellent agent are used.

Material and construction

Gypsum concrete slabs can measure 30-50 x 80-125 cm and thickness 6, 8, 10 cm. Usually grooves and protrusions are made along the edges of the slab, which provide a fast and durable assembly. The material is easy to cut and stitched for laying engineering communications in it. Partitions made of gypsum concrete are three times lighter than brick ones and have a smooth and even surface. The thickness of the construction of one layer of plates is 6-10 cm. If it is necessary to improve the sound insulation of the room or lay pipelines in the partition, it is made double.

The system is installed on the overlap of the cement-sand mortar overlap, under the lower blocks enclose waterproofing of roofing material. The template is made of two racks with a movable rail. Plates are placed on each other, as a rule, with the long side horizontally, with bandaging of sutures. Use plaster solution. In the horizontal seams lay reinforcement and fix it in the walls, which limit the partition. The gap between the ceiling and the partition wall is sealed with plaster mortar. Plaster plates do not need enough to proshpaklevat.

Control zones

  • Gypsum mortar should be prepared immediately before use, as it hardens quickly.
  • Metal rods, which are placed between the rows of plates, must be treated with bitumen varnish.

General installation rules

  • In new buildings, it is advisable to wait several months after the erection of the supporting structures of the building before the partitions are installed so that their shrinkage occurs.
  • Partitions set before you do the floor screed. In the future, performing a screed or a rough wooden flooring, between the floor and the wall of the partition wall, a gasket is made of sound-proof material 2 cm thick.
  • Installation of systems begin, noting their position lines on the floor, walls and ceiling.
  • Structures are rigidly connected with the ceiling at the base and adjacent walls (or other partitions).

Interior partitions of gypsum-concrete slabs

Video guide for the installation of partitions and non-bearing walls of gypsum-concrete slabs:

Wooden interior partitions

Basically they use two types of partitions with the use of wood – solid and frame.

Application area

Wooden partitions can be used in houses of any materials, without reinforcing even wooden floors, they are ideal for second floors of buildings and attic floors. Constructions of this material are easy to disassemble, so they are appropriate if redevelopment is possible in the future. In rooms with high humidity, wooden partitions must be protected with a waterproof finish.

Materials and structures

Solid wooden partitions are made of vertically standing boards with a length of floor height and a thickness of 4-6 cm. To improve the sound insulation, the boards are installed in two rows, with a sound insulation material or an air gap between them. The lack of design – high consumption of materials and, accordingly, the cost, as well as great weight compared with frame partitions. Systems on the basis of a wooden frame are made of racks – bars with a cross section of 50-60 x 90-100 mm and upper and lower straps (horizontal bars that frame the frame) of the same section. Soundproof slabs are placed between the frame pillars. The lining is made of clapboard, plywood, OSB or GCR. The partition of the two rows of the frame with separating them air gap or with a two-layer sheathing soundproofing index increases significantly. This design has a thickness of 15-18 cm, inside you can mount engineering communications.

At the base of the partition, a strapping beam is laid, which must firmly rest on the floor beams. The easiest way to place it directly on the beam, and when placing the partition parallel or perpendicular to the beams, as well as diagonally, the beam is installed on the bolt, resting on adjacent beams. To create a solid structure, two horizontal guides are fixed on the trim, between which boards are vertically mounted, connecting them in the upper part with a fixing bar. When mounting a frame partition on a strapping bar put the rack in increments of 40-60 cm (preferably, it coincides with the size of the cladding plates), combining them with upper strapping. The frame elements are fastened together by nails or screws, with the help of metal corners. On the one hand, they mount the casing, and then fill the space between the bars with sound insulation. Structures of the frame are fastened to the walls with metal crutches, to the casing with self-tapping screws.

Control zones

  • At the junction of the partition with adjacent structures it is necessary to fix the metal grid. This will prevent cracking.
  • In a wooden house, framed structures should be installed one year after the building has been built (after its shrinkage). The distance between the top of the partition and the ceiling should be at least 10 cm. It is filled with tow and covered with triangular bars.

Wooden interior partitions

Interior plasterboard partitions

A special system for the installation of frame partitions of plasterboard sheets (GKL), which includes all the necessary elements, allows you to perform work especially quickly.

Application area

Light partition walls made of gypsum plasterboards can be used in houses made of any constructions and materials and in any premises, even with high humidity (special moisture-proof sheets are provided for such objects).

Materials and structures

The system consists of metal profiles of the frame – horizontal guides and vertical rack-mount (section 50-100 * 50 mm), as well as plasterboard plating 1.25 cm thick and 120 x 200-300 cm in size and sound-proof material. Apply designs with one-, two-and three-layer sheathing, as well as on a double metal frame (with space for utilities). The level of sound insulation of the partition depends on the number of sheets of plating, the thickness of the internal sound insulation layer, the presence of an air gap. Depending on this, the thickness of the partition with a single skin can be from 7.5–12.5 (single) to 17.5–22.5 cm (double), and with a double skin and an air gap, respectively.

The structures are installed during the finishing works before laying the flooring, on the screed or floor. Polyurethane or foam-rubber sound-insulating tape is glued to horizontal profiles, and they are attached to the floor and ceiling with dowels and screws (in increments of about 1 m). Rack-mount profiles are installed in increments of 30, 40 or 60 cm. The frame of the frame on one side is fixed with self-tapping screws, and sound-proofing material is placed between the profiles. Then mount the trim on the other side of the partition. The irregularities of the cladding and the head of the screws are sealed with putty.

Control zones

  • To improve sound insulation, partitions are mounted to the supporting structures of the ceiling and only after that install drywall.
  • Seams between gypsum should be putty in two steps.
  • To protect against cracks, the joints between the gypsum joints between themselves and adjacent structures should be filled with reinforcing tape.

Interior plasterboard partitions

This video guide clearly demonstrates all the stages of the construction of interroom partitions of plasterboard sheets of small size (small format):

Glass interior partitions

To create partitions produce glass blocks, which differ in a wide palette of colors, a range of surface textures and sizes.

Application area

Glass partitions are used so as not to block the access of natural light to the rooms located in the depths of the house.

Constructions and materials

Glass blocks are hollow “bricks” with walls of transparent or colored glass. Due to the presence of air inside, they have good soundproofing properties and transmit 50-80% of the light. As a rule, they are square in shape with dimensions of 19 x 19 cm or 24 x 24 cm and 7.5 – 10 cm thick.

Glass blocks are laid at the stage of finishing the premises after the device has been screed and plastering the walls, but before finishing the floor and finishing the walls and ceiling. Glass blocks can be laid on the cement screed. The process of laying them in the wall is similar to the brickwork, but bandaging the seams is not done. The thickness of the seam is about 1 cm. A cement or mortar-cement mortar is used, which is applied on the horizontal and vertical surfaces of the block before installation. From the point of view of aesthetics, quality jointing is required.

Control zones

  • The junction of the partition of glass blocks to the ceiling must be elastic, using cork gaskets, since glass is a fragile material and the wall may crack during deformation.
  • Glass blocks are best laid on white or colored cement, then the seams will look more aesthetic.

Glass interior partitions

The final cost of the septum depends on many factors. Moisture-resistant and fire-resistant materials are more expensive than usual, the price increases the quantity and quality of finish, frame and sound-proof material. The installation of the partition is 30 – 40% of the cost of the material, and its delivery and unloading, especially in the case of heavy materials, may be equivalent to their cost.

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