Month: March 2019

Wall decoration with plywood in a wooden house

This material has a number of advantages:

  • The natural origin of the material – used for the production of veneer sheets made of birch or conifer.
  • High surface strength after installation – plywood is much stronger than the same drywall.
  • The low weight of the material facilitates transportation, handling and installation.
  • Wood has high soundproofing properties, which is important when installing floors.
  • After the work is completed, a flat surface is obtained, which can be trimmed at your discretion.
  • Low price of material – there are several varieties, and you can choose the best option in accordance with the specifics of use. For example, if plywood will serve as the basis for the flooring of another material, it is possible to purchase products of a lower grade and cheaper.

  Wall decoration with plywood in a wooden house

The lower the grade, the lower the cost. (more…)

What to build the walls of the house

The main advantages of silicate brick include the following:

  • Reliability and durability.
  • Environmental friendliness.
  • Resistance to the influence of aggressive factors.
  • High fire resistance.
  • The ability to use for a variety of architectural solutions.
  • High noise absorption coefficient.

However, silicate brick has a number of negative properties that limit its use:

  • Increased construction time and high labor intensity. This state of affairs is possible due to the small size of silicate bricks.
  • High ability to absorb moisture.
  • Great weight. Silicate brick is one of the heaviest building materials.
  • Low adhesion with cement mortar.
  • Limited use (temperature and humidity).

Ceramic blocks

Ceramic blocks or “warm” ceramics are an environmentally friendly building material made from high-quality clay with the use of some additives. (more…)

What is cheaper to build a house

When choosing this material should pay attention to two factors:

  • The presence of knots. They should be as small as possible. Especially dark. Such knots will surely fall out over time, and ugly holes will form in the floor or ceiling.
  • The geometry of the material. All selected boards should have the same thickness and be even in all planes.

The advantages and disadvantages of metal tiles

In addition to the low price, the advantages of this material used to build an inexpensive roof most often include:

  • low weight
  • strength and durability
  • aesthetic appearance
  • ease of installation.

  What is cheaper to build a house

The disadvantages of metal are:

  • noise during a rain,
  • the ability to rust and snap into the sun when improperly laid.

As you can see, the answer to the question of what is cheaper to build houses is not too complicated. (more…)

The overlap in the house of timber

To perform the work will require the following tools:

  • ax;
  • a circular saw;
  • hacksaw;
  • hammer;
  • screwdriver;
  • screws and nails;
  • plane;
  • waterproofing and heat-insulating materials;
  • building level not less than 80 cm long.

  The overlap in the house of timber

  1. When building walls in their upper part form special openings or recesses for the beams. Before starting work, these nests are cleaned of dust and debris and lay waterproofing material in them. Most often use roofing material. If the walls are made of brick, the nests can be treated with bitumen or mastics based on it.
  2. The ends of the beams coated with bitumen.
  3. Lay support in previously prepared openings.

If the structure is made of wood, the beams cut into the upper crown. There is such a way of fastening the supporting elements to the wall as a dovetail. It is used in houses built from a log or a bar. (more…)

The rules of reinforcement strip foundation

See also: how to reinforce the column. so she stood for many years?

The length of the bars in the longitudinal zone should be equal to the length of the side of the house. The rods are threaded into the ring and fixed with a knitting wire at the corners of the yoke and in its central part. The step between the clamps is 30 cm. At the exit, you must have 4 component parts of the frame – 2 equal to the length and 2 smaller, equal to the width of the house. Next, the frames are laid in a trench and their connection is curved at an angle with reinforcement bars in accordance with the above scheme.

  The rules of reinforcement strip foundation

Bending cable clamps

When installing the frame inside the trench, you must observe the following rules:

  • the frame must be raised above the bottom of the trench with the help of stands of 5 cm – the requirements of the SNiP do not allow the use of fragments of bricks for this purpose;
  • laying should be performed strictly on the horizontal level;
  • the frame must be fixed relative to the side walls of the trench with the help of pins driven into its walls so that the reinforcement does not move when concreting.

(more…)

The house of the sandwich panels do it yourself

  The house of the sandwich panels do it yourself

  • before laying the lower strapping bar of the house, we ensure reliable waterproofing of the wooden elements of the house from concrete and metal using bitumen mastic, bituminous paper and roofing material;
  • after the waterproofing layer we lay the lower strapping bar of the house (recommended cross-section of the beam is 100×150), the installation is performed using the construction level in accordance with the draft developed in advance, the fixing is produced with anchor bolts and nuts on the center of the timber (fixing step – 500 mm, bolt diameter – 10 12 mm, the length of the bolt should be sufficient for bonding with concrete per 100 mm), we attach the bolt heads to the harness;
  • Then we install the basement flooring from wooden lags and SIP-panels (the lags fit into the selected grooves of the panels and transfer the load of the floor to the foundation), the installation begins with the installation of the corner panel
  • in a special groove in polystyrene panels we put in a double insert 2x40x200mm, on the other side of which we attach the next SIP panel;
  • after splicing the entire last row along the length, we put in the side groove a double overlap lag 2x40x200, to which the panels are sewn, and start assembling the next row of panels (all the grooves in the expanded polystyrene with sandwich panels before installation are treated with assembly foam);
  • we sew panels to a wooden bar with screws on a tree of 3,5х40 mm (a step of 150 mm), we twist the logs and double inserts among themselves along the length by screws of a tree 4,2х75 mm (a step of 400 mm);
  • all the ends of the overlap close the bar 40×200 mm;
  • then we lay the bottom trim of the walls of the first floor, leaving gaps between the straps equal to the OSB thickness of the SIP panels (this is reflected in the installation scheme), fixed to the basement ceiling with 4.2 x 75 mm self-tapping screws (400 mm pitch);
  • we do the trim without breaks, we will make cutouts for the doorways after assembling the walls of the first floor, therefore we take into account the location of the doorways when fastening the screws on the bottom trim;
  • we start the installation of the walls of the building with the installation of two corner panels; we check their position with a plumb (first we fasten the extreme stand covering the end of the wall to the bottom trim with 2 4.2 x 75 mm self-tapping screws, and we already attach the wall panel to it, processed by mounting foam in panel polystyrene foam);

(more…)

The correct warming of the house from a bar

Warming of the house from a bar is carried out in several stages. First, the vapor barrier material is attached, then the frame is constructed, the insulation is laid down, another layer of the frame is created and finally the sheathing is mounted. To do all this, you need the following tools:

  The correct warming of the house from a bar

Tools for home insulation.

Proper insulation of log houses begins with the installation of vapor barrier. Usually used for this polyethylene.

Aluminum foil is also suitable. Vapor barrier performs the most important task. It provides ventilation of the facade of a log house under a film coating. Therefore, proper insulation without a vapor barrier is impossible.

The scheme of vapor barrier walls of the house.

If the house is built from a round log house, then a vapor barrier is not necessary. If the walls are smooth, then they will be filled with vertical narrow slats about 25 mm thick with a step of 100 cm. (more…)

The foundation on clay for the house of foam blocks

When building a foundation, clay is sometimes used. But, before starting work, you should familiarize yourself with the important nuances of the material and its characteristics. And first of all it is necessary to take into account the types of clay soil.

  The foundation on clay for the house of foam blocks

Types of soil mixed with clay

  • By clay is meant a soil in which at least 30% of clay prevails.
  • For loam is characterized by no more than 10% clay in the soil.
  • In sandy loam to be from 5 to 10% of clay.

Also there is glacial clay and alluvial. For the first type of this material is characterized by excellent bearing capacity. It has high strength with significant concrete loads.

But such an ability is preserved only if it is deep-seated.

Alluvial clay can be found near water bodies. The view of its high plastic ability should refrain from building on this site. (more…)