Day: February 10, 2019

Technology installation of plastic windows in a wooden house

And now let’s take a closer look at how to install plastic windows in a wooden house with your own hands, using a casing.

Features of installation of plastic windows in wooden walls

Cutting the ridge at the ends of the window opening must be treated very responsibly by performing markup using a level. Any deviation from the vertical and inaccuracies in the “ridge-groove” junction will adversely affect the work of the okosyachki, disrupting its free movement along the wall.

After making ridges, you can start making window carriages. These are wooden planed bars with a section of 150×100 mm. At their ends, it is necessary to make cuts 5×5 cm in size to insert horizontal jumpers (board 150×50 mm with two spikes on the ends).

  Technology installation of plastic windows in a wooden house

Casing assembly

When making the casing box, note that its height when assembled should be less than the height of the window opening by 7-8 cm. (more…)

Than to warm the ceiling of the house

Unlike stone, slag wool is produced from blast furnace slags and other wastes of metallurgy. The coefficient of thermal conductivity averages 0.47 W / (mK), which, together with its high hygroscopicity (the ability to absorb moisture), makes slag unsuitable material for insulating ceilings. In addition, it has a residual acidity, because it should be kept away from metal pipes, beams and other products.

  Than to warm the ceiling of the house

Glass wool ranks first in thermal insulation quality among mineral watts – 0.03 W / (mK). It also features a very low price. The disadvantages are the fact that the particles of this material can cause harm to a person getting on the skin, eyes or lungs. But this is more or less characteristic of all types of mineral watts, so when working with them it is necessary to wear gloves, goggles, a respirator mask and closed working clothes. (more…)

Plan the stairs to the second floor drawing

In order to avoid any problems and discrepancies in the construction process, pre-designed staircase drawings are used. Despite the fact that for each model of the march its own scheme is used, the basic parameters remain common to all. That they need to find out before the start of design work on paper.

First of all, you need to determine the following data:

  • The height of the span. This is the distance from the floor to the upper floors, which is planned to take the stairs.
  • The length of the stairs. The distance from the beginning of the march to its completion along the route falls into this category. The number of steps is also taken into account. As the project with the site is planned, their number should be at least three for each section, but not more than 16. The optimal separation is 10 steps.
  • Depth of tread This is the main part of the stage, taken in the range of 25-30 cm. Designs with zabezhnymi steps are calculated individually, but the standard is taken approximately in the middle of such treads.
  • Step height This is the size of the riser. For an optimal ratio, 15-20 cm is taken. For a attic model, you can take a ratio with 1: 1 tread.
  • The size of the site. If the ascent to the second floor contains a platform, the exit to it must be not less in width than the size of the adjacent march.
  • Bias The angle between the structure and the floor should not exceed 45 degrees. The optimal value is 30-35 degrees. For the attic model allowed 50.
  • The width of the stairs. The minimum value is 70 cm for the standard model and 60 cm for the attic. If the staircase has treads, add at least another 10 cm to compensate for the difference in tread width.

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Laying walls of foam blocks

We note right away that we are talking about an internal bearing wall that fits onto the foundation, and not about a partition. To connect two foam concrete walls to each other you can use several techniques:

  • ligation to the full depth of the foam block. In this case, the block as if wedged into the masonry of the outer wall completely;
  • bandaging on the part of the block. Usually the unit “sits down” in the place prepared for it. The depth of block penetration into the masonry of the outer wall is 150-200 mm. depending on the width of the block;
  • butt ligation, i.e. the ligation is not performed, and the foam block is installed flush with the block forming the outer wall.

Masters are unanimous in the opinion that the first option is most preferable. When using the other two options, additional reinforcement should be performed (with reinforcement in the masonry of the outer wall) every 3-4 rows. (more…)

Single Shed Roof System

Choosing the angle of inclination of the extension, you should pay attention to the following points:

  • the greater the angle of inclination of the rafters, the less risk of accumulation of rainwater or snow mass, “moved” from the main roof;
  • rafters of the extension located on the south side may have a smaller inclination than that of a similar structure on the north side, since the sun contributes to the intense evaporation of moisture.

Rafters made of wood for single-pitch roofs are sensitive to moisture. The junction of the rafter legs to the wall or the main roof should be carefully sealed – for this purpose, the installation of a roofing apron.

Thematic video allows you to learn how to properly mount nodes in the construction of a shed roof.

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How to make a shed roof

If you want to build an extraordinary, unlike the neighboring house, take a look at the houses under the lean-to roof. (more…)

How to strengthen the old foundation

This method is considered the most convenient and easily accomplished. Piles can install any home craftsman who does not have special skills. A pile is a pipe with a helical platform, thanks to which it is screwed into the ground. At the same site is the redistribution of the load at home. How to strengthen the old foundation of the house? This photo shows (with screw piles).

  How to strengthen the old foundation

Indented method

If the structure is very old, then all drilling operations are prohibited. The foundation can be strengthened only with indented piles. Such works are performed by professionals and require special equipment.

Bored

In order to strengthen the base with this method, it is necessary to prepare two-meter wells. Then they assemble the reinforcement cage and pour concrete. The beams are laid on the made piles, the repaired old house is located on them. (more…)

Overlap basement in a private house

The main task that is being solved during the construction of this room is to ensure the relative constancy of the temperature at the level of 8-12 ° C with low air humidity.

During the design work it is necessary to provide a ventilation system. In the overwhelming majority of cases, a vertical channel with an external exhaust pipe is sufficient. This method of air exchange does not require sophisticated equipment and any operating costs.

  Overlap basement in a private house

Diagram of the cellar ventilation device

The cellar in a private house is designed taking into account the overall size of the building. When conducting calculations, the following points should be taken into account:

  1. The storage is recommended to be located near the geometric center of the building with an equal distance from the outer contour of the foundation.
  2. The depth of the cellar is selected taking into account the level of groundwater and the degree of seasonal fluctuations.
  3. In the process of project activities, such a factor as the composition of the soil is necessarily taken into account.

(more…)

Material for the walls of the house

The disadvantages include:

  Material for the walls of the house

Another lightweight material for building walls is adobe blocks or bricks made from clay and straw. The old “old-fashioned” method may well be implemented in modern conditions. Mixing environmentally friendly materials clay, straw, sand and water, while observing seventy percent of the straw and filling all this mixture into forms, the adobe blocks are obtained. Drying of blocks should occur naturally under a canopy. For this we have to spend from 12 to 18 months. The strength of such blocks corresponds to the brand of brick M50. With a relatively inexpensive component in the production of adobe, the preparatory period for the independent production of such blocks, and also after settling after installation, significantly delays the construction period. An important factor in the construction of walls from adobe is the low thermal conductivity of the walls. (more…)