Day: February 5, 2019

How to make a mansard roof with your own hands

The upper rafters of the attic roof can be an L-shaped structure. Truss legs between themselves can be joined end-to-end with the use of wooden or metal fixing lining, or by cutting in half-wood, using a bolted connection. It is recommended to fit the first pair of rafters in place, which is then dismantled and used as a template. Prepared trusses are installed in the standard order – first extreme, then the rest with constant leveling.

At the last stage of the creation of a roofing structure, the installation of the batten, the installation of waterproofing, the creation of a ventilation clearance, and the installation of a roofing covering are done by hand. On the inside, heat insulation and vapor barrier are fixed, and sheathing is mounted. In the video you can get acquainted with the technology works. (more…)

Laying floors in the house

By the way, there is one more article on our website, where the device of the insulated monolithic base for the floor over the ground is described in more detail (link).

Wooden floors on the ground on the brick bedside tables

I must say that this design has been used for a long time. First, make the base in the form of cabinets. The material used is red baked brick, which is not afraid of moisture. The distance between adjacent nightstands should not exceed 2 m. After that, the remaining area between the supports is covered with polyethylene and covered with expanded clay or slag.

Next, on the supporting pillars put two layers of roofing material or other waterproofing, which are installed on wooden beams section 150×50. The next stage of preparation of the base is the so-called filing, in order to keep the insulation between the lags. (more…)

How to make a soft roof

Begin installation with the so-called starting strip. Often for its installation use a special eave-ridge strip of roofing material. You can also use a regular strip of material with cut petals (read also: “How to make a roof correctly”).

From the back side of the soft tile remove the protective film. The material is fixed at the eaves strip indented from the edge of 1.5 cm. Each sheet of tile is fixed at the corners with nails. When laying soft tiles should be aware that the material from different packs may have different shades. Therefore, it is recommended to install sheets alternately from different packs.

If the roof has a slope of less than 45 degrees, then each strip of tile is fixed with 4 nails. At angles greater than 45 degrees, it is necessary to use another 2 nails to fix the tile sheet in the center. (more…)

How to make a pit for sewage do it yourself

This is a great way to do your own sewage with natural cleansing of sewage with small amounts of sewage (up to 1 cubic meter).

  • We use a 200 liter barrel, the best of which is a material that does not corrode; we make holes in the wall in a checkerboard pattern for the drainage with a drill or a grinder. It is desirable to make holes with a distance of 15-25 centimeters;
  • hermetically fasten the nozzle to the bottom of the barrel to connect the drain pipe. Silicone sealants can be used to ensure sealing. We process the connection area of ​​the pipe with mastic;
  • we wrap the barrel with geotextile and firmly fasten it with twine. This is necessary to ensure the protection of the container against the ingress of land and other third-party particles into its structure while maintaining normal drainage.

(more…)

How to make a mansard roof do it yourself

There are two types of mounting rafters:
• tough. on metal brackets, bolts or using a combination of wire and nails;

• sliding (articulated). in the case of house movement, the rafters move along the mauerlat along the “sled” provided in the fixings.

  How to make a mansard roof do it yourself

Hard rafter connection

The articulated version is more reliable, since it allows to avoid displacements or even ruptures of roof elements during seasonal ground movements. When constructing wooden houses prone to shrinkage, such anchorage also helps the roof “tune in” to the new position of the walls.

Hinged truss legs

Types of rafters

Council To determine the location of the upper rafters, you should make a temporary rack of several bars and nail it to the power plate so that the upper part falls exactly on the center line of the roof. (more…)

The lower binding of the frame house on the column base

If during the construction of the foundation a deviation in height was detected, it must be eliminated with a leveling screed. In the case of the arrangement of the bottom trim of a frame house on a strip foundation, a special anchor with a thread must be implanted along the entire perimeter. The distance between them can not be less than a certain project and the mandatory presence in the corners of the house, as well as at the points of junction with partitions.

The same anchors must be located at the top of each rack of the column base, made of piece materials, reinforced concrete. If the columnar foundation is made of metal pipes, then the upper part of the column should end with a metal plate with bolt holes.

Device grillage for frame building

The wooden house of frame type is a popular solution for private construction today. (more…)

How to make a pile foundation

For machine “drilling” apply specialized installations with a retractable boom mounted on trucks or tractors. In this way, you can twist the pile length, limited only by the boom of the installation. Perhaps the only difficulty is to get to the top of a long pile in order to insert a pin into the hole of its shank and connect it with a rotating arrowhead.

The speed of creating a pile field in a mechanized way is naturally higher than manual: for example, the machine can twist 20 piles 2.5 m long in 2 hours, while a team of experienced installers will manually cope with this task in one working day. However, the high cost of renting equipment often forces one to abandon its use when building foundations for small houses.

The customer is also entitled to take part in the acceptance of the finished pile field. (more…)