Day: February 3, 2019

Installation of floor beams in a wooden house

More articles on this topic:

  •   Installation of floor beams in a wooden house

Proper construction of the walls of the frame house

  • How to make a wall decoration with a tree with your own hands

  • How to build a frame house with your own hands?

    Ceilings between floors, basement or attic, are structurally arranged in two schemes – beamless flooring (based on the use of a monolithic slab), and beam flooring (wooden floor beams are used). Make a ceiling for the separation of interfloor premises, as well as to separate the rooms from the basement and attic. Beams can be made of various materials, for example, from wood, monolithic reinforced concrete or metal girders.

    The device overlap on wooden beams

    The device overlap on wooden beams

    Installation of wooden beams allows to solve the following tasks:

    1. achieve the required strength and stiffness of the slab;
    2. to ensure compliance with sound insulation and heat transfer resistance level required for energy saving;
    3. Comply with the established standards for steam and air penetration.

    (more…)

  • Leveling the floor with plywood

    Important! Lay the plywood sheets with a mixture that eliminates the intersection of four seams at one point (like brickwork).

    • After completing the fit, number the sheets and make a diagram of their styling with the indication of numbers. Remove the plywood to prepare the base for its installation.

      Leveling the floor with plywood

    Fitting plywood sheets

    Clean the concrete screed from small irregularities resulting from other types of repairs. Next, carefully remove debris and dust from the base with an industrial vacuum cleaner. If you do not have such equipment and nowhere to rent it, follow this procedure with an ordinary broom. After cleaning is complete, perform a priming that will help:

    • remove remaining dust;
    • penetrating deep into the concrete, give strength to the top layer of concrete screed;
    • improve the adhesion of dissimilar materials to each other.

    (more…)

    How to make a hardwood floor between floors

    More articles on this topic:

    •   How to make a hardwood floor between floors

    Proper construction of the walls of the frame house

  • How to make a wall decoration with a tree with your own hands

  • How to build a frame house with your own hands?

    How to make interfloor hardwood floors in houses of brick and wood

    The overlap is one of the elements of the house being built, strongly influencing the strength of the building. Depending on the material, they are wooden and reinforced concrete (monolithic, prefabricated, precast-monolithic). For the manufacture of a structural element in private low-rise construction, wooden bars, boards or logs are often chosen, since the construction of wooden floors is less labor-intensive during installation and can be performed without special skills.

    Content

    When building a private house, when an interfloor overlap is constructed on the wooden beams with your own hands, the success of the business largely depends on the correct choice of building material. (more…)

  • How to make a ceiling in the frame house

    Frame beams of overlap should have a number of properties, I will list the main ones on which to rely when designing a frame house:

    1. The margin of safety for the deflection – in order not to get a trampoline instead of the floor, and it doesn’t trite the underground.
    2. Resistance to biological effects – this applies to the lower overlap. it is close to the ground, and if rotting occurs, weak wood will quickly collapse.
    3. Thermal insulation properties – depends on how warm the house will be. This is especially true of the overlap, it is through him that a large amount of heat leaves the house.
    4. Sound insulation – a property characteristic of the interfloor overlap. Complete sound insulation is very difficult to achieve. I have neglected this, and I will confine myself only to a partial one, with the laying of sound-insulating slabs or the filling with any bulk material.
    5. The simplicity of the construction is also very important, as a rule, one or two people build frame houses when building up on their own, so the technology must be able to do so. Below I will tell you how I made ceilings for my house, all with my hands, no cranes, elevators and other devices.

    (more…)

    Installation of electrical wiring in a private house do it yourself

    Prepare the mortar. Dilute the dry mixture with water to obtain a homogeneous mass and apply it to the wall with a spatula. After drying, remove any irregularities using a foam grater.

      Installation of electrical wiring in a private house do it yourself

    An example of marking electrical wiring in the apartment

    Installation of external wiring

    Installation of external wiring is performed only when it is impossible to make a hidden wiring.

    The process of performing this type of work is practically no different from the previous one, except for the fact that the wires do not fit in the grooves, but in the plastic cable channel.

    A few mandatory rules when installing open wiring:

    • The cable is laid at right angles only;
    • Wires must not intersect;
    • The location of the cable from door jambs and window frames is not less than 10 cm;

    Installation of sockets and switches

    • The switches are located to the left of the doorway at a height of 80-90 cm from the floor;
    • Sockets should be placed at a height of 30 cm from the floor;
    • Connect the wiring to the sockets should be below, to the switches – on top.

    (more…)

    How to make a blind area around the house

      How to make a blind area around the house

    Reinforcement of blind area.

    To enhance the blind area you need to reinforce it with a grid with a step of 100 mm. Concrete is characterized by withstanding compression loads. Due to the reinforcement, the structure will be able to withstand tensile loads. At the junction of the blind area and the base it is necessary to make a seam, which is commonly called compensatory. It is also called temperature or deformation. This seam will protect the blind area and the basement from destruction when the soil subsides. In this case, the blind area will descend or squeeze along the prepared seam, without damaging the base. Width of a temperature seam – 10-15 mm. This gap is filled with a mixture of fine gravel and sand, mastic, bitumen or roofing material. Some builders use a polyethylene foam cord to fill the seam. (more…)