Day: January 15, 2019

How to build a cheaper house

In areas with a very harsh winter in a two-layer wall, it may be advantageous to lay the bearing part of less durable, but more “warm” blocks: aerated concrete, gas silicate, foam concrete or porous ceramics, with a density of 600 – 1200 kg / m 3. This solution will reduce the thickness of the layer of highly efficient insulation, but due to the lower strength of the wall material will have to increase the thickness of the walls.

One square meter of the frame wall contains the maximum amount of highly effective insulation. This is probably the most profitable construction of walls in terms of the recoupment of construction costs.

  How to build a cheaper house

The frame wall of an inexpensive home for a harsh climate:

  • Between the racks of the frame slab mineral wool insulation density of at least 45 kg / m 3. 100-200 mm thick.
  • Outside of a plate of insulation from extruded polystyrene foam (EPS) or foam or facade slabs of mineral wool with a density of at least 125 kg / m 3. 40 to 100 mm thick.
  • Thin-layer plaster on the insulation.

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Tiles on a wooden floor in a wooden house

The laid tile, clinker or porcelain stoneware looks aesthetically pleasing if you follow the work technology, which is carried out in several stages:

  • The layout is thought out (ceramic tiles can be put in straight rows, vrazbezhku, diagonally), depending on the option you are marking. With the standard layout, the first line is drawn along the central axis of the room at a right angle to the wall. The second line is perpendicular to it, also along the central axis.
  • Perform a rough layout starting from the center. If necessary, move the starting lines so that the tile lay symmetrically around the bathtub or other plumbing fixtures, or in order to minimize the number of scraps.
  • Remove the tile from the floor. Start laying ceramic tiles on the wooden floor from the intersection of the starting lines towards the far corner. Apply the adhesive using an average spatula to a floor area of ‚Äč‚Äčabout one square meter. Then put the tile backside, focusing on the marked lines, and strongly press. The first row is laid along one of the lines to the end of the section with adhesive applied.
  • Use plastic crosses so that the seams have the same thickness, or mount the flooring without seams, if the tile characteristics allow it.
  • Next, the tile on the wooden floor is laid in the direction from the center to the walls. It is important to ensure that the cladding elements are located in the same plane. If the tiles have different thickness, this is leveled due to the thickness of the adhesive layer.
  • Having laid the lining of whole tiles, proceed to fill the remaining gaps along the walls. Using a tape measure, measure each area in order to precisely cut the tile, taking into account the further primer.
  • The tile laid on the floor is primed after the adhesive has hardened. If the tile already has a primer coat (indicated by the manufacturer), no treatment is required.
  • With the help of a rubber spatula, the seams are filled with mortar or a special compound that is not permeable to moisture. Excess material must be immediately removed from the lining surface.
  • The finished tile floor is rubbed to shine with a dry sponge.

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How to assemble a frame at home

  How to assemble a frame at home

The frame of the house with a window

Inserts are small pieces of timber used for additional strength of the frame.

Cross-bars – is a timber laid horizontally in a strictly horizontal position between vertical posts. They are fixed on the rack.

Corners of a frame house with hacks

Racks should be knocked down with nails of 80 mm, at a distance of 450 mm from each other. They are nailed to the trim by 2 nails 120 mm from the top and 2 from the bottom. Using metal corners, the design can be made stronger. All materials used in construction must be treated with a septic tank.

Special attention must be paid to the corners. There is mandatory reinforcement racks.

Frame Wall Cake Scheme

Do not forget to check the geometry of the house after each stage – all horizontal bars should lie horizontally, and the vertical bars should be exactly up. (more…)

How to align the crate on the roof

Good day! Interested in whether it is possible to level sagging ridge in the old log house (about 50 years)? I enclose a photo of the house, painted with some paint, at first glance it is not rusty, but they have gathered to check when it gets a little warmer. In the house, the ceilings are sewn up and look even, it seems that the flooring above the living room is even. Under the roof of the room is not residential and not used. Rafters look very decent, only near the chimney turned black, but dry – I guess, from the temperature. Those. embarrassing that the roof ends are felled, so to speak.

Thanks in advance for the answer and a separate – for a very useful site!

  How to align the crate on the roof

Sagging ridge

Hi, Will from Minsk!

In old houses from time and a number of some other reasons, the ridge may sag in places. (more…)

Strengthen the foundation of the old house

  Strengthen the foundation of the old house

The foundation reinforcement scheme with screw piles.

  1. Bourneous method, the essence of which consists in punching wells along the entire perimeter of the building inside and outside. They are filled with fittings and filled with concrete. The depth of each well must be at least two meters, and the distance between them must be maintained at 1.5 m. To the house, these piles are fastened with the help of reliable anchor bolts.
  2. The method of indentation, it is used in those cases when the houses are already quite old and it is impossible to apply excessive physical strength and pressure to them. In this case, the piles are not driven into the foundation, but slowly and gradually pressed. This is done with the help of special equipment, since it is simply impossible to carry out this type of work.
  3. Screw way. This is the most common method that is used when you need to strengthen the foundation, it is the most effective. In order to install the piles, you will need help from the outside, as a pair of hands is not enough.

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How to make trim on the window

For the slotted cutting technique, the main tools are the drill and the saw. At the same time, the type of sawing tool can be any: from a handsaw to a jigsaw.

How to make carved frames in a fast automated way? To do this, you can use the help of power tools:

  1. Electric drill. Required for drilling preliminary holes in the workpiece for the jig saw factory.
  2. Jigsaw. It has high performance and significantly speeds up and simplifies the manufacture of carved products. For a beautiful neat cut it is better to use files with a fine tooth.
  3. Manual frezer. The performance of the manual router is lower than that of a jigsaw, and some skills will be required when handling the tool. However, the saws obtained by the router are very accurate, and preliminary drilling of the holes is not required.

  How to make trim on the window

The process of manufacturing casing hand milling

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How to attach a veranda to the house with your own hands

  How to attach a veranda to the house with your own hands

There are a lot of options as a veranda fencing: forged metal fences, wooden carved balusters, wooden ones in the form of a picket fence, etc.

As a material for creating a handrail, you can use the boards left over from the construction of the main structure. Boards must first be planed, sanded and treated with antiseptic. Measure the distance between the vertical posts and cut off the railing 2 cm longer than the obtained distance. In the posts at a height of 90-100 cm, make cuts 1 cm deep and the width equal to the width of the railing. Insert the board in the cuts, and fasten the bottom with a long screw.

Departing from the floor 10 cm on the pole to make similar cuts and also insert a board into them. Between the obtained horizontal parallel boards, we arrange the planed boards crosswise and fasten them with screws to the posts. (more…)