Day: January 13, 2019

How to make the overlap between floors

There are 3 types of ceilings for houses of different heights:

  • basement (basement, bottom);
  • attic (upper);
  • interfloor.

Any of them consists of 2 structural elements: supports (beams) and plating (flooring). Depending on the purpose of wooden floors for their devices use different materials. Since they are all made of wood, installation work can be done by hand, without involving complicated lifting equipment.

  How to make the overlap between floors

Wooden floors can be built only if the width of the span between the structural elements of the building is no more than 8 m.

Beam selection criteria

The following materials are used as supporting elements:

  • solid timber;
  • knocked down boards;
  • peeled logs.

The standard cross-section of the beams is 150/150 mm or 20/150 mm for timber, 140/240 or 5/20 mm for boards. You can use glued laminated timber. (more…)

How to warm a log house

Before you do the main work, you need to treat the walls of the house with antifungal and antiseptic compounds. Carefully inspect the surface. Seal the existing slots. This can be done with the help of jute fiber and fine chisel. Large slots are filled with twisted ribbon tow. Cover the surface with waterproofing.

First you need to make a rack. Measure the height of the room and cut a bar of the same length with a section of 50×100 mm. Prepare a bar of the same length, but with a section of 50×50 mm. Place it on the edge of the timber and secure with screws. Should turn out to be L-shaped.

Make these racks for each inside corner. Secure them with screws. Verify installation verticality using level. When all such racks are installed, they need to fix vertical bars with a section of 50×50 mm with a step of 60 cm between them. (more…)

How to drill a well for water

Drilling is performed using the following drill heads:

  • For drilling in clay soils, a drill in the form of a spiral with a base of 45-85 mm and a blade length of 258-290 mm is used.
  • During impact drilling, a drill bit is used. The drill can have flat, cross-shaped and other forms.
  • Drilling in loam, sandy clay or clay sand is done using a spoon made in the form of a spoon and having a spiral or longitudinal slot. This drill has a diameter of 70-200 mm and a length of 700 mm and deepens 30-40 cm over the passage.
  • Extraction of loose soil is carried out with the help of a drill-zhelonka using the impact method. The yolon are made from a three-meter pipe and have a piston and a normal appearance. Inside, the shell should have a diameter of 25-96 mm, outside 95-219 mm, its weight should be 89-225 kg.

(more…)

How to build a house of blocks

8. Lightweight and larger than brick, foam concrete blocks, easy to transport, loading and unloading, as well as when building walls.

9. They are easy to process, which makes the foam concrete blocks easy to use, simplifies the finishing work.

Composition:
Sand, silicate binder and foaming agent.
Installation method:
The laying is made on special sticky solution or cement-sand mix. Such blocks are not recommended to build partitions and load-bearing walls due to their low strength.

  How to build a house of blocks

Gas silicate products in our time have become extremely popular, and this popularity is not reduced, but rather increases. This can be explained by the sharply increased volumes of suburban construction, which consumes more and more gas silicate blocks every day.

Let’s try to figure out why this material began to be in such demand among builders, do gas silicate blocks have disadvantages? (more…)

Painting wallpaper for painting

Each base has its own optimal paint selection:

  1. For paper better suitable water-based paint and varnish compositions.
  2. For nonwoven fabric – water dispersion paints.
  3. For fiberglass – latex and acrylic solutions.
  4. For linkrusty – oil or acrylic paints, and wax paste.

Choosing how to paint the wallpaper for painting, it is recommended to read the following information:

  1. Acrylic and latex paint and varnish compositions are excellent for constantly moistened surfaces (kitchen, bathroom). Such paints create a film on the surface. The film violates the “breath” of the surface, but prevents the negative effect of moisture on the base material.
  2. For heavily lit rooms, latex paint is the best choice. It does not fade from exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
  3. Paint with satin reflectance is well suited for the kitchen, bathroom or toilet. Coatings of such paints are moisture resistant and durable.
  4. Matte paints are distinguished by their ability to hide coating defects, and they also resist UV light well.
  5. Glossy coatings allow you to improve the illumination of the room in case of a lack of natural light.
  6. Water-based formulations are considered the easiest to apply.
  7. The most durable and versatile from the point of view of application are acrylic solutions.
  8. Before you paint the wallpaper for painting, it is recommended to check the color intensity on the prototype. If the color is not sufficiently saturated, add a tinting element (pigment) to the composition.
  9. Water-based paints are always white. If you want to give the surface some other shade, add a pigment that matches the wishes.
  10. Water-based paints diluted look lighter than after complete drying on the surface.

(more…)