Day: December 18, 2018

How to install a window in a wooden house

  How to install a window in a wooden house

To install windows in a wooden house without errors, you need to know some installation rules. The window installation technology assumes knowledge and performance of the following actions / recommendations.

  1. In case the windows are replaced, it is necessary to dismantle the old window units. If required, saw through the old box. Clean the window opening (remove debris (tow, insulation, old plaster)), dismantle the window sill.
  2. Check the compliance of the new window unit. Inspect the product, make sure there are no defects, check that the window sizes match the size of the opening.
  3. In the presence of opening sashes – remove them.
  4. Fasten anchor plates or drill holes according to the metering sheet, GOST, house type. The distance from the inner corner of the window box to the fastener should be 15 -18 cm, and between fasteners – no more than 80 cm. No more than 2 fasteners should be installed on one side of the window block.
  5. If necessary, you should glue the frame with a special tape PSUL (pre-compressed sealing tape). If it is not used, it is necessary to provide a gap between the quarter and the frame (5-20mm). At the end of installation, this gap must be filled with sealant.
  6. Installation of windows in a wooden house should be performed on the level. This is required for good sealing and proper operation of the locking mechanisms.
  7. Fix the lower and upper parts of the window block with anchor plates or dowels. Conduct a control measurement of deviations that should not exceed 1.5 mm per 1 m (both vertically and horizontally). Exceeding the permissible standard deviations can significantly affect the durability of the glass.
  8. Using mounting foam, seal the mounting joint between the wall and the frame. If the installation of windows in a wooden house is made without a tape PSUL, it is necessary to seal the mounting seam from the outside with a sealant. This allows to improve the thermal insulation characteristics.
  9. Install the ebb (drainage profile), securing it to the outside of the frame with self-tapping screws. To improve thermal insulation and eliminate noise when rain falls on low tide, you need to fix it with foam sealant (polyurethane foam).
  10. Hang the sash and install the opening handles. If the installation of windows in a wooden house was done using anchor bolts, they should be closed with decorative plugs.
  11. Install the window sill with the help of technological technology wedges. Fix it with foam sealant.
  12. If necessary: ​​install slopes, trim on windows, adjust fittings.

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Fast foundation for home

On non-heaving or weakly heaving soils for a private house, a shallowly recessed foundation is arranged. For these conditions, it is sufficient to perform horizontal reinforcement of the masonry rows.

  Fast foundation for home

Foundation construction from masonry materials on poorly heaving and frost-protected soils: 1 – foundation laying; 2 – masonry base; 3 – blind area; 4 – horizontal waterproofing; 5 – filling the floor on the ground; 6 – reinforcing masonry mesh every 20 cm masonry;

Masonry foundation reinforced masonry mesh with a wire diameter of 4-5 mm. and cell size 100x100mm. The width of the base of the foundation (size B in the figure) is calculated on the basis of the bearing properties of the soil and the weight of the building — find out here.

The width of the basement footing for a house with light wood walls, or frame walls, for most poorly heaving soils is usually sufficient in the range of 20 to 40 cm. (The larger size refers to three-story buildings). (more…)

How to make a well for water do it yourself

With a pump that will pump water to the surface, you must decide in advance. The choice of pumping equipment allows to solve the problem with the diameter of the future well and the core pipe. Pumping equipment must pass freely into the pipe. Therefore, between the diameter of the pumping equipment and the inner diameter of the pipe the difference should be at least 5 mm.

Drilling principle

  How to make a well for water do it yourself

The descent and the subsequent lifting of the equipment – this is the process of drilling a well. The bar turns and simultaneously with it hit on top. Working together, it is much easier to do this work. One person turns the gas wrench, the second strikes the bar from above, punching the rock.

Using a winch can significantly simplify the drilling process. Using it, lowering and lifting drilling equipment is noticeably easier. (more…)