Day: November 29, 2018

Exterior trim frame house

  Exterior trim frame house

Layers for plaster for a frame house are not different from layers of brick buildings

On sheets of foam plastic (you can take the thinnest – for example, 40 mm, since the skeleton, as a rule, already has mineral wool insulation) put a layer of special glue 4-6 mm thick. In the glue embed the mesh of fiberglass, performing the role of the so-called base reinforcing layer. On top of it is covered with a special quartz primer, which includes a filler of fine sand.

Facing plaster looks great with stone trim

Only after all these works have been completed can a layer of decorative plaster be applied, which differ in both color and composition.

Types of plaster for exterior:

  • acrylic
  • silicone
  • silicate
  • mineral
  • with various fillers

Important: Pay special attention to the quality of the reinforcing mesh. (more…)

Do-it-yourself roof structure

The frame of the roof of the house is one of the key elements of the building. And if the frame is erected taking into account all the rules and compliance with the norms of the building, then it is highly likely that this building will serve its masters with faith and truth for more than a dozen years.

  Do-it-yourself roof structure

The device truss system.

Arrangement of the basement and the construction of the walls of the house is coming to the finish line, and the beginning builders have a question: how to build a roof? In fact, the choice of roofing and waterproofing material is large enough, and you can always buy it according to your financial possibilities. But the roof of the house require special attention. To get started, you will need to decide which one you see your roof and choose its type: single, gable, hip or sloping. (more…)

Reinforcement tape foundation do it yourself

Reinforcement of the tape foundation with your own hands is performed directly in the formwork prepared for pouring or next to the free site. The first method is the most reliable, as it allows you to control the correctness of reinforcement. But the second to make their own will be easier.

Step by step instructions for the assembly of the steel frame:

1. Lay flat stones or bricks at the bottom of the trench to lay the longitudinal bars to lift them 5 cm above the surface.

2. Make cross-webs from a smooth rod of a smaller diameter and lay them in increments of not more than 60 cm.

  Reinforcement tape foundation do it yourself

3. Mount the vertical posts in the same way on the longitudinal reinforcement.

4. Attach the rods of the upper belt and secure transverse rods to them.

5. Lay the finished modules on the bottom of the trench and tie the longitudinal elements overlap. (more…)

Installation of reinforcement for the foundation

Usually used simple crossing. without additional reinforcement vertically and horizontally, which does not ensure the strength of the entire foundation.

To prevent this from happening, additional reinforcements should be used in the form of U-shaped or G-bent rods, which are used at the joints of the reinforcement. There are many schemes for their location.

Cross rods are placed twice as often as in the middle.

If it is necessary to reinforce an obtuse angle, then several L-shaped rods should be used. arranged in a certain way. The design is reinforced with additional crossmembers.

  Installation of reinforcement for the foundation

Connection methods

There are two ways to connect steel rods together.

Welding is a quick and not difficult process, but it has several disadvantages:

  1. Due to the high temperature, the properties of the metal change.
  2. In order for the welding units to be strong , high qualification of the welder is required.
  3. Welding enhances the rigidity of the structure. thereby increasing the probability of violating its integrity when pouring concrete.

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Ceilings in the house between floors

If necessary, the carrying capacity of the beams can be increased by fastening special linings of thick boards. A method is often used when the ends of the plates, like the beams, lie on supports.

Instead of boards you can use steel channels. These linings are attached to the side of the beam with bolts, while you can only strengthen one side of the beam, but still more reliable to strengthen both sides.

The easiest way to increase the carrying capacity is to install additional beams. But such a process is more laborious and expensive. Additional bars cover the spans between the main beams.

As you can see, in old houses the beams are laid with a small step and have a sufficient cross-section, which indicates a high-quality construction.

It is very important to check the condition of the beams and floors, and in cases of damage by pests or moisture, it is imperative to reinforce them. (more…)

Depth of the shallow strip foundation

Modern technologies and the quality of the material (reinforced concrete) make it possible even to apply shallow-deeper foundations on problematic soils. This significantly reduces the construction time of buildings, and their cost (the foundation of the building can cost 25% of the cost of a house).

If certain rules are observed, the shallow-tape foundation can be laid at a depth of only 50 cm, even on heaving soils. Mandatory conditions are:

  • use of reinforced concrete for the monolithic base of the brand M200 or M300;
  • heat insulation (polystyrene foam plates) must be laid in the trench, under the foundation tape, and sprinkled with non-abrasive materials;
  • ram and level a drainage pillow from sand and crushed stone not less than 2 cm thick;
  • the side area of ​​the base is waterproofed and insulated (polystyrene plates);
  • cavities fall asleep with any non-pileable material (a mixture of gravel and sand, sand, crushed stone).
      Depth of the shallow strip foundation

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How to build the roof of a private house

A rather popular option of arrangement is a sloping roof with an attic, which allows you to significantly expand living space and effectively use the available space. When building a roof with an attic, attention should be paid to the issues of high-quality insulation and lighting. In order to obtain comfortable conditions in the attic of the attic type, pre-installation of heat-insulating materials with low thermal conductivity is carried out. All the planes bordering the environment are subject to insulation.

Also important is the question of choosing roofing materials, since the roof of metal tiles in summer heats up fairly, thereby creating uncomfortable living conditions in the attic. This, in turn, entails additional costs for ventilation, air conditioning and thermal insulation, so it is very important to consider all the features of the construction of the future attic and its intended purpose. (more…)

Installing PVC windows in a wooden house

If you decide to use the slopes of wood, then you get an attractive design of PVC windows. But when choosing a material, make sure that it compares favorably with the appearance of the whole house. In a wooden house look great slopes of wooden lining. Such a design option is in great demand today and for what reasons:

  1. Wooden lining is presented in a wide range of sizes and colors, so that for each case there is a good option.
  2. Lining is an environmentally friendly material, so worry about safe living in the house is not worth it.
  3. Lining has excellent strength characteristics, long service life while maintaining a presentable appearance.

The process of installing the wall panel is not difficult, so even an inexperienced person can cope with such work.

To do this, simply follow the following sequence of actions:

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