Day: November 27, 2018

Mansard roofs of private houses erection technology

The upper rafters of the attic roof can be an L-shaped structure. Truss legs between themselves can be joined end-to-end with the use of wooden or metal fixing lining, or by cutting in half-wood, using a bolted connection. It is recommended to fit the first pair of rafters in place, which is then dismantled and used as a template. Prepared trusses are installed in the standard order – first extreme, then the rest with constant leveling.

At the last stage of the creation of the roofing structure, the installation of the batten, the installation of waterproofing, the creation of the ventilation clearance, the installation of the roofing covering are carried out with their own hands. On the inside, heat insulation and vapor barrier are fixed, and sheathing is mounted. In the video you can get acquainted with the technology works. (more…)

What concrete is needed for the foundation

Incorrect calculation threatens the shortage of material or the formation of surplus, which is also undesirable.

  What concrete is needed for the foundation

Volumes of slab, strips of strip footing, and pillars are counted separately, which are then added together. The calculated value is multiplied by the coefficient of shrinkage of the concrete, the value of which is taken from the passport. Since the reinforcement also takes up some volume in the formwork, to take account of this, the volume of concrete should be divided by a factor of 1.05. The resulting value is rounded up.

What concrete is needed for the foundation

Selection instructions:

  • carefully calculate the weight of the structure;
  • allocate a margin of safety due to possible error or unforeseen circumstances;
  • determine the depth at which groundwater is located;
  • determine the interaction of the soil and the future of the foundation.

(more…)

Metal roofing technology

Sealing tape for metal. It is recommended to install under the ridge bar.

The film is equal to the total area of ​​the slopes minus the overlap tolerances. For example, a roll of film usually has a size of 1.5 to 50 m. = 75 sq. M. The working area of ​​the film is about 65 sq. M.

Insulation under the metal – is also equal to the total area of ​​the slopes.

From the tool is useful: screwdriver, hammer, mallet, tape measure, marker, level, jigsaw or hacksaw.

Council Cutting a sheet of metal with a grinder is strictly prohibited. From heating, at the cut point, the coating is destroyed, and the sheet begins to rust. In addition, sparks can damage paint all over the sheet.

How to store metal roofing

If you purchased the material before you erected a truss system, you need to know how to properly store metal roofing (especially in winter). (more…)

How to make a staircase from wood

When measuring, consider the height of your future staircase in a frame house. the angle of its inclination, the number of steps and their width.

  How to make a staircase from wood

As a rule, such schemes are in electronic form. There are special computer programs and applications that allow you to create such models. Professional programs for construction organizations have a 3D function. Although it is not necessary for the construction of the mid-flight ladder, the usual plan on paper will be enough.

Standard interfloor wooden stairs are installed on kosourah or on bowstrings. The difference is as follows: bowstrings are located on the side of the steps, and skewers are under the steps.

The staircase usually has two side bows. Its steps are mounted on both sides. Consider the installation and installation of the stairs with this technology. (more…)

How to build a wooden staircase

When measuring, consider the height of your future staircase in a frame house. the angle of its inclination, the number of steps and their width.

  How to build a wooden staircase

As a rule, such schemes are in electronic form. There are special computer programs and applications that allow you to create such models. Professional programs for construction organizations have a 3D function. Although it is not necessary for the construction of the mid-flight ladder, the usual plan on paper will be enough.

Standard interfloor wooden stairs are installed on kosourah or on bowstrings. The difference is as follows: bowstrings are located on the side of the steps, and skewers are under the steps.

The staircase usually has two side bows. Its steps are mounted on both sides. Consider the installation and installation of the stairs with this technology. (more…)

How to make a solid foundation with your own hands

Truly working legal way of saving.
Everyone needs to know this!

3. Is it necessary to insulate the monolithic structure?

Yes. Concrete conducts heat well, and a large amount of reinforcement creates cold bridges. Common insulators – polystyrene foam and foam sheet.

4. Do I need to drain?

Definitely needed if there is a high GWL on the site. It is important to observe the slopes of the pipes, to provide a place for the removal of water, to make wells, so that in case of silting of the pipes they can be cleaned. Drainage is usually laid in geotextiles on a sand and gravel pad.

  How to make a solid foundation with your own hands

5. How and from what formwork?

We recommend using laminated plywood. To remove such formwork will be easy. If you make it from ordinary boards, cut them where they will touch the concrete. There should be no gaps in the formwork, and its strength is checked by kicking. (more…)

Building a house from foam block with your own hands

For this and subsequent rows, a special type of glue is used. The blocks are laid in staggered order, starting from the corner. The technology provides for the displacement of elements of each top row by 10–20 cm. This will allow building a more solid wall. Dressing is also used for docking external walls and internal partitions.

  Building a house from foam block with your own hands

In the process of a dense arrangement of blocks, “cold bridges” are formed. Builders in certain places make gaps for seams:
• a narrow board with a square section of 1.5 cm is placed on the block;
• put a layer of mortar or glue on top and let it dry;
• remove the rail and get a hollow space in the middle of the block filled with solution.

Places of the expected openings (doors) are determined immediately after the foundation is poured, or after the first row of masonry. (more…)

Monolithic foundation for home

Since for designing the ground was investigated at a certain site, it is necessary to be tied tightly. The underground structure is often heterogeneous and a displacement of half a meter can be critical: what if there are subsiding rocks or a cavity. It is hardly worth positioning up to a centimeter, but it is advisable not to miss much.

  Monolithic foundation for home

So you can make markup for the foundation on the site

Land works

Their volumes and equipment used depend on whether you have a house with or without a basement. If without, then you mark the tape – and you will need to remove the ground. Only with a margin for the installation of formwork – and this is sometimes 50 * 80 cm on each side. For shields need spacers that will not allow them to fall apart.

If the house with a basement – will need to remove all the soil. (more…)