Day: November 16, 2018

Build a staircase to the second floor

Pre-made drawing will facilitate the task of manufacturing and subsequent installation. For the project of the stairs you need the following value – the width of the steps. According to building codes, the width of the step must be at least 30 cm. This allows the foot to be completely on the surface, which ensures maximum safety during descent or ascent. When multiplying the step width by their number, we get the size of the projection.

In the staircase there is such an element as the riser. This is the vertical distance between the steps. The riser washes to be deaf, that is, closed material or empty.

  Build a staircase to the second floor

Installation of stairs to the second floor do it yourself

The next stage of self-construction of the stairs to the second floor will be the manufacture of construction details. Let us analyze the staircase to the second floor. (more…)

Build a house do-it-yourself home projects

Frame panel. How cheaper to build a house? Gathering his own. Of course, this will require skills and equipment. Thanks to this type of construction, it is possible, although it will take a lot of time and additional money to buy insulation and other things. The frame is made of wood and sheathed sandwich panels. Each part has to be mounted separately, which affects the timing and complexity of construction.

Frame-shield. This option is expensive, but reliable and requires much less labor. The design is assembled from ready-made shields, which are manufactured at the factory by special order. Boards are supplied already warmed and completely ready for assembly. If we compare the prices of panel and panel buildings, the first is more expensive. However, the final cost may turn out to be the same if workers are invited to assemble frame-panel housing, because you have to pay for all types of work separately – assembly, plating, thermal insulation, and finishing. (more…)

How to make a ribbon foundation for the house

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Sand leveling

If you need to level the territory, if the soil in your area is problematic, heterogeneous and unpredictable, then we advise you to make a protective sand pad. For a strip foundation, a sand cushion for formwork should be about 40-50 cm in height. But this figure should be reached only after careful tamping. The thicker the cushion, the less deformation can be expected from the foundation under the influence of soil heaving. But the thickness of the pillow can vary considerably depending on the climate. For example, in the same England, a height of 20 cm is the norm for a sand cushion.

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Concrete preparation under the strip foundation

  How to make a ribbon foundation for the house

Sand pillow device diagram.

Concrete preparation is a layer of “lean” concrete or rubble, lined under the bulk of the foundation. (more…)

Device floor in a private house without a basement

The stages of work are as follows:

  1. Wood must first be treated with antiseptic compounds. Increased attention should be paid to the sides and the end of the board.
  2. The timber is sawn into pieces of the required length.
  3. When laying the boards should take into account the presence of a small gap of several centimeters, which should be between the wall and the first board.
  4. At the locations of the lag it is necessary to lay the roofing material in several layers. Between the lags there should not be a large distance (calculated in accordance with the length of the boards).
  5. To fix the bars, long nails are used, which need to be hammered at a slight angle.
  6. If you choose grooved boards, then each of the next need to be mounted on a system of grooves.

In the event that you have chosen a structure on the logs, in advance, consider deepening the earthen bottom of the excavation, since the floor in the basement of the house will have considerable thickness. (more…)

Interfloor overlapping on wooden beams

At this stage, beams of the required length are prepared. The length depends on the installation method. If the beam gets into the wall, it is calculated as follows: the length of the room plus 300-400 mm. for fixing in the wall. If attached to a wall, the length of the beam is equal to the length of the room.

Installation of wooden beams begins with the extreme beams. Each beam is checked by construction level. After that, the beams are fixed in the nests of the wall using dry rubble.

Next, install intermediate beams. To do this, it is advisable to stretch the line between the outer beams and put the rest on it. The distance between adjacent beams should be the same.

When the beams are set exactly at the level and the horizontal is checked, they can be concreted in the landing slots.