Month: October 2018

Garden path from the wood cuts do it yourself

15 symptoms of cancer that women most often ignore Many of the signs of cancer are similar to the symptoms of other diseases or conditions, so they are often ignored. Pay attention to your body. If you notice.

  Garden path from the wood cuts do it yourself

10 charming star children, who today look very differently Time flies, and one day, little celebrities become adult personalities who are no longer recognizable. Cute boys and girls turn into a.

13 signs that you have the best husband Husbands are truly great people. What a pity that good spouses do not grow on trees. If your other half does these 13 things, then you can with.

Never do this in church! If you are not sure about whether you are behaving properly in a church or not, then you are probably not doing the right thing. Here is a list of terrible.

All buildings and structures (gazebo, terrace, swimming pool, greenhouse, vegetable garden, and various elements of landscape design) on the summer cottage or backyard are communicated via paths. (more…)

Expanded clay for floor insulation

But first another intermediate layer is poured. It is made on the basis of a mixture of cement and water, which form a kind of suspension. It should not be too thin or too dry. This layer is necessary for the displacement of air cement from the air pores. The result is a monolithic coating that will not be afraid of heavy loads or excessive moisture.

But now you can move on to the final screed, which not only aligns the insulated floor, but also prepares it for laying out any floor covering.

The quality and strength of the entire assembly will depend on the quality of the prepared solution. In other words, it is the quality of sand and cement, as well as their proportion in the mixture. The lack of cement leads to the weakening of the strength, while its excess – to an overly rapid solidification of the solution. (more…)

Base plate do-it-yourself for home

  Base plate do-it-yourself for home

Formwork scheme for a monolithic slab

10. After installing the reinforcement layer, the platform is filled with concrete. It must have a sufficient degree of mobility, so that the rubble does not get stuck between the reinforcement bars.

11. The solution is prepared according to the recommendations of a specific cement manufacturer. 10 kg of cement is usually taken 30 kg of clean sand without admixture of clay and 50 kg of gravel.

12. The flooded solution is carefully leveled and left to dry.

The proportions of the preparation of the solution for the foundation of cement M400

Watch the video: the foundation of a monolithic slab do it yourself
Part 1

Part 2

Independent slab foundation device

  • How to make a foundation slab with your own hands?
  • 2 ways of laying concrete
  • Final stage
  • Advantages of the base plate
  • When is it best to choose a foundation slab as the basis for a home?


How to insulate the walls inside the house

  How to insulate the walls inside the house

Despite the fact that the option of internal insulation seems, at first glance, the most effective and profitable, experts recommend resorting to it only in the most extreme cases. if there is no other way out.

Protection of walls from the cold from the inside is not recommended by building codes. specified in the Code of Rules SP 23-101-2004.

If the operating organization for years promises to carry out outdoor insulation, and the residents do not have their own funds, then everything that is not recommended can be carried out, since it does not have a strict ban.

Read also the article about modern materials for wall insulation outside.

Find a more comfortable and warm housing, if there is an opportunity to insulate an existing apartment, very few people agree.

An additional incentive is:


How to make a window frame do-it-yourself drawings

It should be said, to make a box and a frame of quality, in the first place, for someone who knows how to handle a carpentry tool and approaches work with due responsibility.

Most of the novice home craftsmen will not be able to make the window frame with their own hands so that it is not inferior to the factory, but at first you can make a window for giving or a workshop, in other words, hone your skills on the “secondary” objects. Often there are small windows, single or deaf. If you do not pass and resolutely approach the matter, then it turns out that everything is very simple.

The window consists of only 4 elements:

The main difficulty lies in the fact that its creation requires:

  • selection of suitable material;
  • accurate marking and high-quality processing of blanks;
  • neat window assembly.


Block Foundation

Formwork installation scheme

Installing the reinforcement cage and pouring concrete formwork

In parallel with the manufacture of the pillars of reinforced concrete, concrete, asbestos or cement pipes, according to the technology requires their strengthening – reinforcement. A pair or several pairs of pieces of reinforcement with a diameter of eight to twelve millimeters, connected by reliable jumpers made of steel wire with a diameter of up to eight mm. The design is placed inside a previously dug pit. Then, layers of 200-300 mm are poured with concrete, after which it is rammed. At the top of the surface of the pillars, studs must be installed in sizes up to 40-50 cm. This is the future fixing of the base of the frame of the future house.

  Block Foundation

Scheme of the reinforcement of the column foundation


How to properly insulate the roof of the attic

So, if you decide to insulate the roof of the attic from the inside with your own hands, then you need to familiarize yourself with the details of the installation. In order for the room to become livable, it will be necessary to form a certain roofing pie under the roof consisting of several layers.

Consider it in detail, starting from the inner surface:

  1. Drywall This material is almost always used to decorate the walls of the room.
  2. Vapor barrier layer. It provides condensate discharge to the outside. It is recommended to perform vapor barrier with a special membrane. She laid overlap (about 10 cm), and glue on top with scotch tape. The vapor barrier must be solid, containing no gaps or gaps.
  3. Crate. This is the next layer of roofing pie. It performs several functions at once. Crate supports insulation. In addition, it is the basis to which vapor barrier membrane is attached. And it is this layer that provides an extremely important gap for ventilation under the roof.
  4. Insulation. It is located above the crate. Depending on the selected material, as well as the planned end result, the insulation can be laid in one or in several layers.
  5. Waterproofing layer. It is designed to protect the insulation from getting wet. The layer is important enough. When planning how to insulate the roof of the attic from the inside, be sure not to forget about the need for waterproofing. So you protect the insulation from premature damage.
  6. Crate. This layer is necessary to create a ventilation space between the waterproofing film and the roof. Such a gap allows moisture accumulated on water-repellent membranes to erode. However, it is important to provide for the possibility of evaporation of condensate. For this purpose, special holes are made at the base of the slopes. Their size completely depends on the selected material for the roof. For example, the roof, covered with tiles, corrugated board, need holes, approximately 25 mm. And for roofs with flat materials, the size of such holes increases to 50 mm.
  7. Windproof vapor barrier. It is mounted above the second crate. It allows you to provide warmth and comfort in the room, even with strong winds. This insulation fits over the rafter legs and is carefully fixed with slats.
  8. Roofing. This is the finishing layer of the roofing pie.


Attach the veranda to the wooden house

The first option is used for extensions with a large construction weight, and the second option – for light summer terraces.

The columnar foundation is used for open light summer terraces, attached on the ground floor level and only along one wall.

  1. For such a foundation, square holes with a depth of up to 800 mm are excavated at the corners of the future extension, and a layer of sand 100 mm thick is poured at the bottom.
  2. Then the pillars are wrapped with a layer of roofing felt, inserted into the pits, and the space around them is poured with cement mortar. In this case, the roofing material plays the role of waterproofing and antiseptic protective layer. The height of raising the pillars above the soil level depends on the level of the foundation of a wooden house and must be consistent with it.
  3. Bars are placed on the pillars, which are set at the building level, better than the water level, and on top of them are laid logs for the floor board of the future terrace. This type of foundation is suitable for any dry soil, but it is not recommended to install it on the soil with high humidity. This is due to the fact that there is an air gap between the bottom of the floor and the ground, and the wooden structures of the terrace will absorb moisture from both the surrounding atmosphere and soil evaporations.