Day: October 29, 2018

How to make a window frame do-it-yourself drawings

It should be said, to make a box and a frame of quality, in the first place, for someone who knows how to handle a carpentry tool and approaches work with due responsibility.

Most of the novice home craftsmen will not be able to make the window frame with their own hands so that it is not inferior to the factory, but at first you can make a window for giving or a workshop, in other words, hone your skills on the “secondary” objects. Often there are small windows, single or deaf. If you do not pass and resolutely approach the matter, then it turns out that everything is very simple.

The window consists of only 4 elements:

The main difficulty lies in the fact that its creation requires:

  • selection of suitable material;
  • accurate marking and high-quality processing of blanks;
  • neat window assembly.

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Block Foundation

Formwork installation scheme

Installing the reinforcement cage and pouring concrete formwork

In parallel with the manufacture of the pillars of reinforced concrete, concrete, asbestos or cement pipes, according to the technology requires their strengthening – reinforcement. A pair or several pairs of pieces of reinforcement with a diameter of eight to twelve millimeters, connected by reliable jumpers made of steel wire with a diameter of up to eight mm. The design is placed inside a previously dug pit. Then, layers of 200-300 mm are poured with concrete, after which it is rammed. At the top of the surface of the pillars, studs must be installed in sizes up to 40-50 cm. This is the future fixing of the base of the frame of the future house.

  Block Foundation

Scheme of the reinforcement of the column foundation

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How to properly insulate the roof of the attic

So, if you decide to insulate the roof of the attic from the inside with your own hands, then you need to familiarize yourself with the details of the installation. In order for the room to become livable, it will be necessary to form a certain roofing pie under the roof consisting of several layers.

Consider it in detail, starting from the inner surface:

  1. Drywall This material is almost always used to decorate the walls of the room.
  2. Vapor barrier layer. It provides condensate discharge to the outside. It is recommended to perform vapor barrier with a special membrane. She laid overlap (about 10 cm), and glue on top with scotch tape. The vapor barrier must be solid, containing no gaps or gaps.
  3. Crate. This is the next layer of roofing pie. It performs several functions at once. Crate supports insulation. In addition, it is the basis to which vapor barrier membrane is attached. And it is this layer that provides an extremely important gap for ventilation under the roof.
  4. Insulation. It is located above the crate. Depending on the selected material, as well as the planned end result, the insulation can be laid in one or in several layers.
  5. Waterproofing layer. It is designed to protect the insulation from getting wet. The layer is important enough. When planning how to insulate the roof of the attic from the inside, be sure not to forget about the need for waterproofing. So you protect the insulation from premature damage.
  6. Crate. This layer is necessary to create a ventilation space between the waterproofing film and the roof. Such a gap allows moisture accumulated on water-repellent membranes to erode. However, it is important to provide for the possibility of evaporation of condensate. For this purpose, special holes are made at the base of the slopes. Their size completely depends on the selected material for the roof. For example, the roof, covered with tiles, corrugated board, need holes, approximately 25 mm. And for roofs with flat materials, the size of such holes increases to 50 mm.
  7. Windproof vapor barrier. It is mounted above the second crate. It allows you to provide warmth and comfort in the room, even with strong winds. This insulation fits over the rafter legs and is carefully fixed with slats.
  8. Roofing. This is the finishing layer of the roofing pie.

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Attach the veranda to the wooden house

The first option is used for extensions with a large construction weight, and the second option – for light summer terraces.

The columnar foundation is used for open light summer terraces, attached on the ground floor level and only along one wall.

  1. For such a foundation, square holes with a depth of up to 800 mm are excavated at the corners of the future extension, and a layer of sand 100 mm thick is poured at the bottom.
  2. Then the pillars are wrapped with a layer of roofing felt, inserted into the pits, and the space around them is poured with cement mortar. In this case, the roofing material plays the role of waterproofing and antiseptic protective layer. The height of raising the pillars above the soil level depends on the level of the foundation of a wooden house and must be consistent with it.
  3. Bars are placed on the pillars, which are set at the building level, better than the water level, and on top of them are laid logs for the floor board of the future terrace. This type of foundation is suitable for any dry soil, but it is not recommended to install it on the soil with high humidity. This is due to the fact that there is an air gap between the bottom of the floor and the ground, and the wooden structures of the terrace will absorb moisture from both the surrounding atmosphere and soil evaporations.

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How to decorate the walls in the house inside

Immediately, we note that the most suitable option would be wooden lining. It is an affordable material with an attractive appearance, eco-friendly and natural, easy to install and maintain. Thin slats are used for the ceiling and walls. If you want to create a log house effect, choose a block house that simulates a round log. One surface of the block house is semicircular, and the other is flat.

Lining – the best combination of price, quality, appearance and environmental friendliness. But if you are ready to pay, choose elite natural wood materials. These are cork panels and panels from an array.

  How to decorate the walls in the house inside

Cork coating – modern materials that are environmentally friendly, high quality, durability and durability, luxurious appearance. They perfectly tolerate high humidity and are suitable for each type of room. (more…)

Adjustable floors do it yourself

There is no significant difference in the installation of the lag on the corners from the previous method, except for the fact that in this embodiment the studs are not used as a regulating mechanism for the floor. The method provides for fixing the lag to the corners, rigidly fixed on a rough base. This method is used in the case when the studs cannot be installed due to the loose structure of the overlap in which the anchors cannot be held.

For the installation of such a construction of an adjustable floor, it is necessary to lay out the slabs on the overlap and lay out their layout. According to the obtained lines, you should fix the corners every 50 cm. Their height should be chosen on the basis of the required level of the floor covering.

Then you need to install logs, attaching them to the corners and controlling the installation of the building level. (more…)

How to strengthen the foundation of the house

Important! Do not save on the frame. It is necessary to make it from reinforcement, since its shape and composition of steel are ideal for this purpose. You should not also significantly increase the size of the cell.

  • Lower the grate into the pit and fill with concrete. Such structures are called “bulls.”

Important! Since such strengthening of the foundation of the house requires the exposure of the old foundation, it is not recommended to stretch this process in time.

In most cases, “bulls” is enough. But if you want to make sure that the foundation does not “float” again, build reinforced concrete armor along the entire perimeter of the building, which will connect the bulls into a single system:

  • Conditionally divide the house perimeter into parts 1.5-2 m long.
  • On one of these parts along the foundation dig a trench 40-50 cm wide and a depth equal to the depth of the old foundation.

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DIY foundation repair step by step instructions

Has inherited a good, but already slightly dilapidated Russian bath? Do not worry – our ancestors have always built “for centuries”, and even the neighboring cottages successfully survive such steam rooms. One thing you need to do is to inspect and repair the foundation well, because something is, and the zero level suffers from time and rain first.

So, this is what needs to be done:

  • Step 1. Preparation. All things, furniture, and even a stove are removed in the bath, because the steam room will have to be raised.
  • Step 2. Lifting. To raise a small wooden bath, you will need 2-3 jacks and bars to further fix the walls in the desired position.

The most important thing is not to raise the bath abruptly or jerking, because this will cause the walls to move and it will be difficult to restore them later. (more…)