Day: October 27, 2018

Bottom trim of the frame house of the boards

So, the main 10 rules of high-quality house binding:

  1. Wooden elements should be well dried, so as not to bend as moisture is lost.
  2. Processing must be done by fire-bioprotection either in special factory conditions or in several layers.
  3. The foundation must be well insulated from wood, as in the places of contact with cement, the tree begins to deteriorate.
  4. Measure out the accuracy of trimming timber or board, which is used in construction.
  5. Check the geometry after each assembly stage of the frame house.
  6. Any gaps must be sealed or covered with jute.
  7. Connections must be made securely, at a distance of at least one and a half meters from each other.
  8. If you do not understand something, it is better to seek the advice of specialists.
  9. Remember that the execution of the upper strapping occurs at a height, so take care of their safety.
  10. The quality of the binding depends on other elements of the house: the bottom – from the foundation, the top – from the evenness of the walls.

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How to pour a strip foundation under the house

But in order not to deal with such a complex work, it is better to immediately fill the strip foundation under the house with your own hands.

Before installing the formwork, you need to think about waterproofing the walls, which will not allow water to penetrate into the concrete monolith.

On top of the sand cushion put a special film, working only in one direction.

Many are wondering how to concrete pour the foundation of the house. You can use the solution brand M-200.

It is perfect for lightweight buildings of timber, frame panels, etc. However, when building more heavyweight brick buildings, cottages of 2 or more floors, it is necessary to purchase cold-resistant compounds of the brand M400.

They are much more expensive, but stronger, more resistant to aggressive factors, less hygroscopic. (more…)

Foundation plate do it yourself step by step instructions

  Foundation plate do it yourself step by step instructions

The technology of pouring such a base is simple;

The device of the base plate carries a number of advantages for the developer, who decided to choose this version of the supporting base for their construction.

Among the main advantages that the tile foundation has are the following:

  1. High strength. The presence of bulk reinforcement and monolithic concrete fill allow you to create a solid base plate that can successfully withstand external influences and physical stress.
  2. The simplicity of the technology allows you to pour the monolithic slab of the foundation with your own hands without the involvement of professionals and special construction equipment. Filling a slab foundation with your own hands can significantly reduce the overall estimated cost of building a house.
  3. Low ground pressure. This indicator for the base plate is about 0.1 kg per square meter. see what is the record for all types of bearing bases. This is achieved by a uniform distribution of the weight of the building over the entire area of ​​the support and allows you to build quite massive structures on weak soils.
  4. The rigid design of the concrete platform allows it to evenly fall and rise in the winter and summer periods, which is especially important for areas with heaving ground. The forces acting in this case on the foundation slab do not lead to its deformation, which helps prevent cracking of the walls of the building. Analogous forces acting from below on the strip foundation, are capable of simply splitting it with all the negative consequences for the building.
  5. Increase the pace of construction. The possibility of combining the functions of the base and the floor makes it possible to reduce the total construction time and simplify the whole process. Arrangement of the base plate with their own hands in itself does not take much time due to the simplicity of the design and technology of casting. Before you make the foundation, you do not need to carry out long preparatory work on digging trenches and installing formwork of complex shape.

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DIY Home Foundation

And finally, another type of foundation, which can be attributed to economical, is a foundation on screw piles. The cost reduction in this case is due to the lack of a large amount of earthworks, which saves time and labor. There is no need to use heavy machinery. This type of foundation costs 30-40% less than traditional tape or slab.

Screw piles are made of steel pipes. The lower part of the pile is equipped with a cutting blade of a certain shape, so that it is screwed into the ground at almost any depth. To the opposite end of the pile the head is welded on which the grillage is fixed. The small area of ​​contact of the screw pile with the pound in combination with the cutting blades does not allow the foundation to move even with deep freezing of the pound. When screwing in, the inter-turn gaps of the soil are not loosened, but, on the contrary, compacted by the blade of the pile. (more…)

Calculation of reinforcement for strip foundations

  Calculation of reinforcement for strip foundations

Truly working legal way of saving.
Everyone needs to know this!

4. Calculate the length of smooth rods d = 10 mm, used in the horizontal transverse bridges and vertical racks. The distance between the jumpers – 0.5 m:

  • We calculate the number of reinforcement rings by dividing the total length of the foundation by the distance between the bridges: 27 / 0.5 = 54 m.
  • Calculate the perimeter of the 1 ring, taking the distance between the bars for 0.25 m: (0.5 + 0.25) * 2 = 1.5 m.
  • Based on these two values, we consider the total length of the rod: 54 * 1.5 = 81 m.
  • We take into account overlaps and trimming, adding approximately 10% to the resulting length: 81 m + 10% = 89.1 m. We round up to 90 m.

Since the material is sold by weight, not by the meter, we calculate the mass calculation. The weight of products of metal rolling is regulated by GOST 5781-82, a steel circle – GOST 2590-88. (more…)