Day: October 11, 2018

Shallow depth foundation

The monolithic foundation consists of a continuous strip of reinforced concrete, which is located centered under the supporting structures or walls of the house. He perceives the load from the house and redistributes it to the ground without causing its additional compaction. The carrying capacity of the soil must exceed the load per unit area transmitted from the construction of the foundation.

  Shallow depth foundation

Scheme of types of strip foundations.

It is best to build the foundation on poorly erupting and non-erupting homogeneous soils, which have a low groundwater level, at a distance from large trees equal to their height, in radon-safe areas, in non-flooded areas.

The foundation is prohibited to build on organic biogenic soils (saporpel, peat, silt), undesirable – on heterogeneous soil layers, at the junction of various subject soils, on extremely deep soils (clayey watery saturated soil, dusty water-saturated sand), in submerged areas and sites, and in the plots of land plots. (more…)

Foundation plate do it yourself step by step

  Foundation plate do it yourself step by step

The technology of pouring such a base is simple; you can do it yourself.

The device of the base plate carries a number of advantages for the developer, who decided to choose this version of the supporting base for their construction.

Among the main advantages that the tile foundation has are the following:

  1. High strength. The presence of bulk reinforcement and monolithic concrete fill allow you to create a solid base plate that can successfully withstand external influences and physical stress.
  2. The simplicity of the technology allows you to pour the monolithic slab of the foundation with your own hands without the involvement of professionals and special construction equipment. Filling a slab foundation with your own hands can significantly reduce the overall estimated cost of building a house.
  3. Low ground pressure. This indicator for the base plate is about 0.1 kg per square meter. see what is the record for all types of bearing bases. This is achieved by a uniform distribution of the weight of the building over the entire area of ​​the support and allows you to build quite massive structures on weak soils.
  4. The rigid design of the concrete platform allows it to evenly fall and rise in the winter and summer periods, which is especially important for areas with heaving ground. The forces acting in this case on the foundation slab do not lead to its deformation, which helps prevent cracking of the walls of the building. Analogous forces acting from below on the strip foundation, are capable of simply splitting it with all the negative consequences for the building.
  5. Increase the pace of construction. The possibility of combining the functions of the base and the floor makes it possible to reduce the total construction time and simplify the whole process. Arrangement of the base plate with their own hands in itself does not take long due to the simplicity of the design and technology of casting. Before you make the foundation, you do not need to carry out long preparatory work on digging trenches and installing formwork of complex shape.

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How to warm the roof attic house

Above the insulation, between the crate and the rafters, waterproofing is laid. The material is overlapped, laying starts from the bottom edge of the slope. Then the wooden countermounts are mounted – their thickness creates the required ventilation gap of the roof. Reiki can be fastened to the rafters with nails, but it is better to use screws. To the prepared construction from within between the rafters the insulation is laid and fixed.

  How to warm the roof attic house

Truss foot, made of metal or wood, is a cold bridge, as its coefficient of thermal conductivity is much worse than that of a heat insulator.

For this reason, warming the attic, you should not limit the installation of a heat insulator between the rafters – on top of the already laid mats and rafters it is better to perform a continuous heat-insulating layer. (more…)

Interfloor overlappings in a wooden house

More articles on this topic:

  •   Interfloor overlappings in a wooden house

Proper construction of the walls of the frame house

  • How to make a wall decoration with a tree with your own hands

  • How to build a frame house with your own hands?

    Independent device of the wooden floor of the second floor

    Wooden houses at one time enjoyed immense popularity, then with the development of modern building materials, they were a little marginalized. But today, wooden buildings regain their former glory. This is due to the fact that only in a wooden house the atmosphere is filled with harmony and tranquility. Finishing in such a house can be made of any material. But this is not very appropriate, since the walls made of logs look much more attractive and more natural than paint or wallpaper.

    The scheme of interfloor overlapping in a wooden house. (more…)

  • Mortar mixer with your own hands

      Mortar mixer with your own hands

    The question of constructing a home-made concrete mixer, in principle, rests on a very simple technical task to build:

    1. simple in design, with the least amount of parts and connections device;
    2. using at the same time improvised, maximum available or just low-value parts and mechanisms;
    3. reliable and unpretentious in work, including with the minimum costs of repair and service.

    With all the variety of ideas and technical solutions for the preparation of concrete, all designs of concrete mixers, in principle, boil down to solving a simple problem – dry mechanical mixing, and after adding water and a liquid mixture to obtain a homogeneous composition suitable for further construction work.

    In view of this, the most popular among DIY craftsmen are units based on:

    • on the use of muscular strength;
    • using electric motors and various gearboxes;
    • small machines using as a working body of ordinary household power tools.

    (more…)