The monolithic foundation consists of a continuous strip of reinforced concrete, which is located centered under the supporting structures or walls of the house. He perceives the load from the house and redistributes it to the ground without causing its additional compaction. The carrying capacity of the soil must exceed the load per unit area transmitted from the construction of the foundation.
Scheme of types of strip foundations.
It is best to build the foundation on poorly erupting and non-erupting homogeneous soils, which have a low groundwater level, at a distance from large trees equal to their height, in radon-safe areas, in non-flooded areas.
The foundation is prohibited to build on organic biogenic soils (saporpel, peat, silt), undesirable – on heterogeneous soil layers, at the junction of various subject soils, on extremely deep soils (clayey watery saturated soil, dusty water-saturated sand), in submerged areas and sites, and in the plots of land plots. (more…)